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Violence in the Family & Community

Paper two assesses Course Learning Objectives (CLO) 1, 2, 5 and 6. Paper 2 will be a 5 to 7-page scholarly paper following APA style, addressing one of the topics listed below. The content of your paper will be based on peer-reviewed scholarly articlesi. You must substantively use a minimum of six, scholarly articlesii no older than 2005. Most papers will use more, but six are required.
In the second paper, you are only allowed to use two quotes. This requires you to effectively paraphrase and cite your sources. If this is difficult for you, please reach out to University writing resources.
Before choosing your topic, look to see that there are sufficient scholarly articles available to you. Please do not rely on Google searches. Use our library to find your articles.
This is the second formal paper. Papers should follow the format for formal papers. Papers should not be written in the first-person and should not include personal stories, opinions, or editorial comment. I welcome that style of writing in the reflections, but not in the formal papers. Be sure you are reporting on the scholarly findings in the field. Teach the reader about the selected topic.

Paper Topic Choose one of the topics listed below. The topic you choose will be used throughout the paper and must address each of the required content. See Content Areas below. Please note: these content areas all have a strong emotional and political element to them. Your job is to learn about these issues and present the literature that helps us better understand the issues. As a formal paper, you should not editorialize, hyperbolize, or in other ways present you opinions. You can present the state of the literature and implications, but not personal opinion. 1. Gun violence in America 2. Hate crimes in the US a. Consider the current trends in hate crimes and conditions influencing these trends 3. Sexual Violence on College Campuses 4. Sex Trafficking

Content Areas Each paper must address the areas outlined below. These content areas measure the course learning objective listed in the parentheses following the content area heading. You do not have to address them in the order they are presented. Order should be determined by flow and coherence.
1. Problem area and controversy being addressed (CLO1) Define the problem. What is the problem? What is the current view on this problem? Discuss magnitude of the problem (how much does it happen) and current trends. Discuss the rates or prevalence of your selected topic. Are rates of the area of violence you are writing on increasing or decreasing? In other words, don’t just present numbers, discuss them. Cite your sources even when paraphrasing. 2. Factors and Theories explaining this type of violence In this section, you will discuss factors associated with the perpetration of the type of violence you have chosen to research. This may include characteristics of perpetrators, risk factors that increase the risk that someone will perpetrate this type of violence (i.e. hate crimes, sexual violence, gun violence, or sex trafficking) or theories used to explain this type of violence. Again, theories would address why this violence is perpetrated. Focus on the perpetration of these forms of violence, not on the victims.
For instance, I do not want the paper on sexual violence on college campuses to focus on the characteristics of women who have been victims of sexual violence. I am interested in conditions that increase the perpetration of sexual violence. While victim research may provide some interesting insights into the issue, it is too easy to fall into victim-blaming and miss the real point. Please address your selected topic from the perspective of discussing our current understanding of why this type of violence is perpetrated in the US. 3. Analysis of the Justice System & Institutional Response (LO6) What is the justice system response to the issue? What are the laws related to this area of violence? How are we responding to this form of violence through our formal social institutions? This can include policies and protocol by police, prosecutors and judges. This may include other relevant social institutions that you identify during your research. For instance, you may discuss how college administrators are addressing the issue of sexual violence on college campuses. But for all topics, you will discuss the justice system response. For instance, you will discuss laws and law enforcement. You may also discuss issues such as evidence and prosecution. Again, think in terms of formal social institutions. 4. Informal Response (LO5) In this section you will discuss how individuals and communities respond to and think about the issue. You will discuss how informal systems such as family, friends, neighborhoods and communities can respond in informal ways to prevent and respond to your topic. Discuss how individuals from diverse backgrounds and communities can prevent and intervene in the type of violence you have decided to address in your paper. This section you address how we can better address violence in our communities in order to reduce its prevalence and impact.
Writing Each of the following issues should be attended to in your paper.
Writing Matters  Purdue OWL also is a great resource for writing questions.  Our own Writing Center has developed tutorials to help you: http://www.sjsu.edu/writingcenter/onlineresources/.  Please use these resources. They are easy to access and provide a means for improving your writing as you go. APA Style: Papers must follow APA style  https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/  Be sure that your in-text citation and reference page follow proper format  An abstract is not required, but students may find it helpful. Strong introductions are required.
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Introduction & Conclusion: be sure that you start with a clear thesis statement and conclude the paper with an effective summary of the thesis and key points discussed. Do not introduce new content. Quotes: You are allowed to use only two quotes – ONLY TWO QUOTES. If you choose to quote an author, the quote must be well integrated into the text and contribute to the narrative. If it doesn’t really add anything to quote the source, paraphrase- say it in words that make sense in your narrative. Always cite the source. Required reading as source: You are allowed to use your textbook and other required reading as a source, but it should not be the majority of your paper. The textbook and required reading does not count toward your six scholarly articles, but would need to be cited when used. Papers should be informed by your review of the literature. Editorializing: Do not editorialize. Provide an objective account of the issue. While I understand that these topics can evoke strong emotion, this is the place for scholarly discourse. Save the emotional reactions for reflections. Clarity: Please be clear and concise. You don’t need to use words or concepts that you don’t understand. Use the knowledge gained from the reading and lectures to choose sources that you understand and that contribute to your paper. Keep sentences simple and use paragraphs to separate ideas. Assume that the reader does not know the issue. Always proofread and edit to ensure clarity. Organization:  Headings: You are welcome to use headings. It is a good way to stay organized and a way to be sure that each content area is addressed. Each area is worth 10 points (equally weighted), so be sure to address all areas.  Pages per section: Considering the page requirement, each section would be about 1 ½ pages. Each section does not have to be the same length; some may require more discussion than others. But overall, think in terms of a page and a half for each section. A paragraph is not sufficient to address any content area. Proof-read and Edit: Be sure to proof-read your paper and edit carefully. It is easy to miss our won own mistakes. Consider peer-review.

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