The purposes of the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Information Center (NCIC)

Since its inception in 1929, the purpose of UCR is to collect statics from various agencies both state and local, on criminal activities such as murder, manslaughter, aggravated assault, rape, just to mention (Regoli, Hewitt, & Maras, 2011). Run by the FB, UCR generates reliable statistics for the benefit of law enforcement agencies.

UCR also avail the law enforcement agencies with relevant data essential in budgeting, planning and resource allocation and even in police operations (Regoli, Hewitt, & Maras, 2011). The data from UCR also services the purpose of information the media which in turn informs the public on the state of crime at national and local level (Regoli, Hewitt, & Maras, 2011). Finally, UCR provides information on arrests made by availing demographic characteristics of the arrested persons. The data from the UCR is, however, not without some weaknesses, which has majorly to do with inaccuracies. Fisrt, most criminal data in the UCR are only those know to the police and many others go unrecorded since not victims to crimes report them. The incidences and prevalence of crimes as reported by UCR are thus largely underestimated (Regoli, Hewitt, & Maras, 2011). UCR applies the hierarchy rules in which only crimes deemed serious are reported, affecting international crime rates comparisons since those deemed minor crimes are reported in some countries. UCR does not collect all relevant data or details on crime with respect to the victims and perpetrators of criminal acts unless it is a homicide case. Other information such as weapon types, are only collected for murder, aggravated assault and robbery, with those used during rape going unrecorded. The other weakness is that UCR only reveal more information regarding police behavior instead of crime. This is because sometimes the police officers or other law enforcement agencies falsify, downgrade or do not report some data in their hand
Purpose of National Crime Information Center (NCIC)
The National Crime Information Center (NCIC) is a computerized index containing information on criminal justice such as information on criminal records, missing persons, fugitives just to mention. Developed in 1967, NCIC plays a role in ensuring that electronic criminal information can be tapped by all criminal justice agencies across the country every single day throughout the year. The main purpose of NCIC is thus to provide information on crime and criminals relevant to authorized criminal justice agencies in making inquiries, apprehending fugitives, recovering stolen property, locating persons reported missing, as well as protecting law enforcement officer likely to encounter dangerous individuals as provided in the database. In addition NCIC database contains indexed records known gang members, terrorists, unidentified persons just to mention, information which is crucial in law enforcement. Cooperation between NCIC and other authorized agencies is thus key in its function (File, 2014).