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The goal of transportation regulation and policy

Transportation Management

Transportation and regulation policies are implemented by most nations across the globe to effectively manage their transport resources and activities. The overall goal of the transport policies and regulation is to ensure that there is proper management of the resource allocated for various transport activities, and that the activities have minimal implications on humans, the environment and the society at large. According to Chang, Yang and Hsiao (2016) transportation policies mainly focus on addressing the issues of human safety, conservation of the environment and proper management of public resources.  Moreover, the policy also focus on maintaining the production and operational facet of the various transport systems including roads, marine and air transport systems. Apart from just ensuring that the right policy is implemented to address any transport issues the government also plays a major role in ensuring compliance with any of the transportation policies and regulations set.

 

Transportation is vital to any business entity, since it aids the business entity get access to various products and services needed in business operations, or make its finished products available to the consumers. However, for any benefits to be realized by both the business organization and the society, the transportation process must be done efficiently, expediently, and must be safe to the environment and humans (Enoch, 2016). A number of public, private and government entities are charged with the responsibility of governing the transportation process.  Nevertheless, these entities are likely not to do an effective oversight job in the absence of policies or regulations. As such, the government makes use of various regulations set for different transportation issues to assure compliance. In addition, the regulations and policies are more effective in the management of the transportation activities since they are subject to day-to-day changes and can be used to enforce more stringent measures for the benefits of both the government and the community (Enoch, 2016). Other than using independent organization to conduct an oversight role on matters transportation, the formulation, implementation and administration of transportation policies and regulations is likely to yield better results as far as proper management of transportation activities and resources is concerned.

Federal aviation is a US based national authority charged with the mandate of regulating the activities and resources of civil aviation. The major role of the authority is to assure public safety, through regulation of air safety, promoting the growth and development of air commerce, and regulating navigable air space to promote efficient and guarantee safety to the passengers (Chang, Yang & Hsiao, 2016). One most noted regulation developed and administered by the authority focused on certification of pilots and navigators. The main goal of the regulation was to ensure that ground instructors, pilots and any flight operator meet the certification requirement, and are eligible to safely conduct the piloting task. The regulation focused on monitoring the performance of the pilot overtime and offered obsolete certificate ratings depending on the level of performance registered. The regulation also controlled issues of alcoholism and detailed the punishment for offense involving drugs and alcohol. To ensure compliance, the authority constantly reviewed the pilots’ certificates and embarked on re-issuance for qualified candidates. The regulation was suitable in ensuring that only qualified personnel are engaged, that consequently assured maximum safety to the public users of the aircrafts.

Since the initiation of the Federal Aviation Authority, significant reduction in number of plane crashes has been reported in the US. The government has succeeded in ensuring that only eligible and qualified persons assume the piloting role to offer maximum security to the public (Chang, Yang & Hsiao, 2016).  Being one of the passengers, the enforcement of the regulation and constant monitoring to ensure compliance, have not only given us confidence in the operations of civil aviation, but have also made most passengers develop a sense of security when on board. The experience in this case, is desirable since chances of accidents are reduced to minimum. The fact that the pilots are constantly evaluated leaves no room for any errors. The regulation has therefore been effective in ensuring that the passengers remain safe as they move from one destination to the next.

References

 

Chang, Y. H., Yang, H. H., & Hsiao, Y. J. (2016). Human risk factors associated with pilots in runway excursions. Accident Analysis & Prevention94, 227-237.

Enoch, M. (2016). Sustainable transport, mobility management and travel plans. Routledge: England