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The Future of Police and Patrol

Police departments are significantly more intricate than they had been an era or two back. Though personnel is still accountable for traditional responsibilities such as calls for service and crime investigation, police have expanded their mission greatly, taking on the goals of preventing crime and reducing crime rates. Instead of focusing solely on responding to crimes after they are committed, today’s best police departments are looking for ways to be proactive as well.

To identify these new proactive strategies PERF—with the support of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) and Target Corporation—conducted a Future of Policing survey in 2012 that was disseminated to more than 500 police agencies. Based on the nearly 200 responses received from police departments across the country, the survey results helped to identify some of the biggest opportunities and challenges that police agencies may be facing in the future. In August of 2012 more than 30 police executives gathered at
Target headquarters in Minneapolis for a day-long discussion of the survey findings and their perspectives on the state of the future of policing.1 Though we cannot anticipate everything that will occur in the next three to five years, we can research, survey, and discuss identified trends. We can then draw well-informed conclusions to prepare for future demands. PERF hopes that the findings reported here can help those in the field of policing adequately prepare for the coming changes. Promising Crime Fighting Strategies At the day-long meeting at Target in Minneapolis, participants engaged in discussions and provided insights into how policing could change in the next two to five years with respect to police functions and department structure, communication, and the relationship between police agencies and the community, what role technology and social media will play, and how officer recruitment and retention could be affected by budget cuts. 1. Officials cited in this report are generally identified by their titles at the time they were quoted.
As the table below demonstrates, one significant survey finding is that a handful of policing strategies have won widespread acceptance in the law enforcement community, and predictive and intelligence-led policing appear poised to join this list in the coming years. Table 1: PERF Survey Question: What crime-fighting strategies does your agency use currently?

Final results Reveal that More Companies Intend To Adopt Predictive Policing and Knowledge-Led Policing.

The PERF questionnaire results suggest you will see considerable growth in practicing two methods: predictive policing and learning ability-directed policing.

Predictive policing was identified in the 2009 Nationwide Institution of Proper rights write-up as “taking info from disparate resources, examining them, after which making use of the results to predict, avoid and reply better to upcoming criminal activity.”3 Predictive policing often starts off with old strategies like “hot spots” policing—mapping the areas where lots of criminal offenses have already been devoted in the past. But predictive policing should go prior to comfortable location policing for the reason that it requires exploration info utilizing sources. For instance, in Arlington, Texas, law enforcement officials found out that burglaries are more frequent in local communities designated by actual decay. So they designed a solution for finding probably the most “fragile” neighborhoods. In this manner, it could be possible to recognize at-risk places before they experience a rash of break-ins or other crimes.

Learning ability-guided policing can be an associated idea that involves a number of factors coming with each other. It really has been described as “a business structure and managerial approach where information evaluation and offense learning ability are vital to a target, selection-creating framework that facilitates crime and issue lessening, interference and avoidance.” Learning ability-directed policing targets prolific and critical felony offenders in an arranged, thoughtful method