Call/WhatsApp: +1 914 416 5343

Texas Politics

The following is the topic of the essay:

Whereas both political parties have been receiving huge funds from interest groups and corporations, the Republican Party has received far more money from economic elites than the Democratic Party. How has this funding influenced the party positions over the main issues Texas faces today? Does competition for donations convert political parties subservient to corporate interests? Why? Why not?

1.0. Introduction
In the process of accomplishing their work goals, employees are exposed to different kinds of hazards. Whether in the form of toxic chemical compounds, loads being handled manually, electricity or dangerous machinery, these hazards if not well-managed can have serious implications on the health conditions and safety of the employees. Even though accidents are expected in any organizational set-up, when systems of prevention are in place, the accidents are reduced to the minimum if not completed eliminated. As Elnaga & Imran (2013) asserts attainment of workplace safety is not accidental as a majority of the workplace accidents occur due to lack of an effective prevention system. These accidents do not only interfere with the health and well-being of the employee involved but also have negative effects on productivity and consequently the performance of the organization (Yazdani et al., 2015). Incorporating a preventive system for any form of hazard in an organization is therefore vital to reduce the incidents of accidents. Training of employees on the workplace safety issues is one of the most effective preventive systems. According to Robson et al. (2012) training enables people to learn and apply the information gained in different situations. Informing the employees on the perceived risks and hazards evident in the organization and communication of the preventive measures to undertake will assure maximum security to the employees. The current report gives a discussion on the problem of workplace safety as observed in Arkema and recommends the need to design a training program that can be implemented by the company to address the safety issues.
2.0. Statement of the problem

Increasing cases of accidents and poor health conditions have been reported in Arkema Inc. recent development have seen more than three employees sue the company for becoming sickened after consuming dangerous fumes from the production process (Tabuchi, 2017). It is observed that many employees are taking sick-leave either due to a health-complication developed at work or as a result of an accident. The rate of absenteeism is worrying and equally affecting the performance of the organization. Most employees believe that they are working in the unsafe environment following the higher cases of accidents reported weekly. And as Huang et al. (2012) indicates employees with a perception that their workplace id dangerous are more likely to be involved in an accident than those who consider their work to be safe. More cases of accidents are therefore likely to be reported.
It is no doubt that the organizational environment consists of hazards that increase the possibility of an accident. Toxic chemical compounds, electricity, dangerous processing equipment exposed to the employees are hazardous if not properly handled (Tabuchi, 2017). Inadequate knowledge on preventive measures to undertake when handling the hazards as well as the recommended workplace safety measures has led to the many accidents reported. Many employees have been victims of consuming toxic gases, some staff has developed skin injuries by handling dangerous chemicals, yet others have reported serious injuries caused by poor handling of machines. The noise from the processing machines and plants also presents an unsuitable working environment (Tabuchi, 2017). The implications of the accidents are detrimental to the employees and the organization. Thus the need for a training program that will enlighten the employees on the preventive measures needed to avoid accidents.
3.0. The Impacts of the Problem to the Organization

Work-related injuries and illness are costly to the employees and the organization. Worker suffering and pain is the direct implications of workplace illness or injury (Reason, 2016). Many workers have incurred costs for their treatment following the development of poor health conditions. Apart from the negative impacts on the employees, increased cases of accidents have also been detrimental to the organization at large. The injured and ill workers have to take leave until they attain good health (McCaughey, DelliFraine, McGhan & Bruning, 2013). During this time organization always report significantly loses regarding reduced productivity, loss of work time, loss of worker morale and increased employee turnover. Also, the organization has to deal with the bad reputation it acquires following the cases of worker injuries and poor health conditions, and lawsuits. Reduced profitability and poor performance have been registered by the company due to its failure to address the issue of workplace safety. Training is recommended as a suitable approach that can reduce the incidents of accidents within the workplace, through proving knowledge on preventive measures and workplace safety guidelines. It is therefore important that the organization develops and implement a training program to assure maximum safety to the employees.
4.0. Possible Solution

In the process of managing workplace hazards and accidents, an organization adopts control measures ranging from engineering designs, use of protective equipment, administrative control measures, and proper work practices. Under engineering designs, the organization is expected to eliminate as many sources of accidents as possible to reduce the chance of personal era and employee burden (Stuart, 2014). The administrative role such as job rotations can also be adopted by the organization to minimize the level of exposure of every employee to hazardous compounds. Some preventive measures cannot be implemented directly by the organization. The employees have a burden of adhering to the recommended work practices and regulations to remain safe. Also, the employees are expected to use protective gears when exposed to dangerous hazards. Nevertheless, lack of knowledge on these preventive mentions and on how to undertake them have contributed to the many accidents that are reported to the organization.
4.1. Designing a training program on workplace safety
The current section gives the elements of an effective training program and the steps to be undertaken in the training process
4.1.1. Purpose of training
Identifying the primary purpose of any training program is important. The training and evaluation methods are chosen based on the purpose of the training. In the current case, the purpose of the training will be to achieve a transfer of knowledge and skill development and attitudinal change amongst the employees. The training program should, therefore, be geared towards teaching the staff on the various hazards, their labels and warning signs, and the preventive measures to be undertaken. Similarly, the training program should focus on enhancing the employees’ belief that it is possible to prevent accidents by undertaking certain measures.
4.1.2. Developing Training goals
The training goals are stated as the expected employee behavior after the training process. The conditions under which the goals are to be accomplished as well as the timelines are also indicated. The main aim of the training process as well as the specific goals to be accomplished is provided. The training goals will guide the training process by ensuring that the training methods focus on attaining the set goals. Also, the training goals will form the basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the training process.
4.1.3. Training Methods
The training methods range from lectures, group discussions, computer-aided instructions and interactive video methods. The selection of the method to adapt is dependent on its level of effectiveness in accomplishing the training goal. Yazdani et al. (2015) recommended the implementation of training methods that will support the active role of the trainees, through a problem-posing session. The training methods should also allow for student-student and tutor-student learning. The identified features are only observed in the group discussions and lecturing as methods of training.
4.1.4. Evaluation of the Training Process
An evaluation of the training process must be done to determine its outcome and effectiveness. The evaluation is mainly done to ascertain whether there are any changes in attitude, beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors of the employees as observed before the training. Qualitative and quantitative approaches can be adopted in the evaluation process. Through the use of surveys, focus groups, and interviews, the management can establish the number of safety complaints and accidents reported in a given period. The information gathered can be used to judge the effectiveness of the training process.
5.0. Conclusion and recommendations

The increasing cases of accidents and exposure to hazard compounds have had negative implications on Arkema employees’ health and the overall performance of the company. Absenteeism and loss or morale rising from the ill-health and injuries acquired by the employees during work have led to reduced productivity and consequently lower performance of the organization. It is observed that the accidents are as a result of the failure by the employees to adhere to the recommended work practices and safety guidelines. It is therefore important that the management design a training program that will focus on knowledge transfer to communicate the preventive approaches that can be adopted by the employees to avoid the accidents and exposure to hazardous compounds. Also, it is recommended that the management carries and evaluation of the training process to ensure that training goals are met and that a safe work environment is guaranteed to the employees.