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Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question

____ 1. What words describe the climate of the Sahara?
a. cold and dry
b. cold and wet
c. hot and dry
d. hot and wet
____ 2. What caused the climate of the Sahara to change beginning about 7,000 years ago?
a. Winds from the Mediterranean shifted direction.
b. Ice covered the land for several centuries.
c. Seasonal rains began to move southward.
d. Ash from volcanic eruptions blocked sunlight.
____ 3. Where are the Atlas Mountains located?
a. In Syria, along the Euphrates River
b. in Turkey, bordering the Mediterranean Sea
c. in Iran, along the Persian Gulf
d. at the tip of northwest Africa
____ 4. What is the source of both the Tigris and Euphrates rivers?
a. the mountains of Turkey
b. the mountains of Iraq
c. the mountains of Syria
d. the mountains of Iran
Unit 3 Evaluation 100 SSTH 054
____ 5. What percent of the world’s known petroleum reserves are on the Arabian Peninsula?
a. 20 percent
b. 25 percent
c. 30 percent
d. 50 percent
____ 6. What is the North Anatolian Fault?
a. a plateau located in present-day Iran
b. a fracture in the Earth’s crust, south of the Tigris River
c. a plateau on the Anatolian Peninsula
d. a fracture in the Earth’s crust, south of the Black Sea
____ 7. Where is the Syrian Desert located?
a. in the southern and central part of the Arabian Peninsula
b. in the northern and central part of the Arabian Peninsula
c. in the western and central part of the Arabian Peninsula
d. in the eastern and central part of the Arabian Peninsula
____ 8. What is the largest country on the Arabian Peninsula?
a. Saudi Arabia
b. Yemen
c. the United Arab Emirates
d. Bahrain
____ 9. Where do most people live on the Arabian Peninsula?
a. fertile coasts
b. large deserts
c. mountain villages
d. river valleys
____ 10. What made the land between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers so fertile?
a. decaying plants and animals
b. chemical fertilizers and pesticides
c. deposits from volcanic and seismic activity
d. silt deposited by the flooding rivers
Unit 3 Evaluation 101 SSTH 054
____ 11. Who invented the first wheeled vehicles?
a. Babylonians
b. Egyptians
c. Persians
d. Sumerians
____ 12. Which Babylonian leader was known for his code of laws?
a. Alexander
b. Hammurabi
c. Nebuchadnezzar
d. Suleyman
____ 13. Which of these cities contains sacred sites associated with Judaism, Christianity, and
a. Alexandria
b. Mecca
c. Jerusalem
d. Nazareth
____ 14. Who was called by God to lead the Jewish people to Canaan?
a. Abraham
b. Kind David
c. Muhammad
d. Jesus
____ 15. Who do Muslims consider to be the last prophet?
a. Abraham
b. Kind David
c. Muhammad
d. Jesus
Unit 3 Evaluation 102 SSTH 054
____ 16. The term Diaspora refers to which group or event?
a. Christian missionaries
b. European colonization
c. Jewish migration
d. Muslim trade
____ 17. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
a. the five things a Muslim must not do
b. the five sacred religious journeys of Islam
c. the five religious duties expected of every Muslim
d. the five great prophets of Islam
____ 18. How did the Ottoman Empire’s location help it become wealthy and powerful?
a. The busiest trade routes in the region ran through the empire.
b. The capital in Rome controlled Western Europe.
c. The Arabian Peninsula’s energy resources were part of the Empire.
d. It controlled the entire length of the Nile from Cairo.
____ 19. What industry contributes most to the economy of the Arabian Peninsula?
a. agriculture
b. petroleum production
c. electronics manufacturing
d. fishing
____ 20. What characteristic do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all share?
a. belief in a messiah
b. belief in one god
c. the same holy book
d. the same prophets
____ 21. What statement is true?
a. The Nile river flows south to its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea.
b. The Nile’s predictable floods allowed agriculture to flourish.
c. The Nile is shorter than the width of the United States.
d. The Nile Valley is home to a small percentage of Egyptians today