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Religion: Comparison and contrast of world religions

Religion: Comparison and contrast of world religions

Choose one of the following three essay topics. Be sure to address all parts of the question. Discuss specific evidence and examples that support the points you try to make in your essay.
Paper is to be written in MLA format. Use a minimum of two academic sources. Your textbook can be one of these sources. Do not use Wikipedia. Essays are to be 750-1000 words in length.
1. Compare and contrast the components of two world religions. Choose two religions which are explored in our textbook. Outline the basic belief systems of each religion including concept of deity, cosmogony, theodicy, the sacred, and religious experience. In your comparison include both how the religions are similar and how they differ from each other.
2. Religion and Society: explore the impact that religion has had on society throughout history. Include religion’s influence on politics, economics, social order, and individuals. This topic can be a more general overview of religion’s impact OR you may choose one or two specific religions and explore their impact in more detail.
3. Throughout history women’s treatment by religions has often been inconsistent with scripture or other sacred texts. On one level women are general respected as life-givers and nurturers while on the other religions often encourage or allow women to be treated poorly. Choose at least two religions which we have studied in our textbook. Explore the history of women in these religions. What place have they held? What influence have they had? How has that changed over time? What place and influence do women have in these religions today?

The most important religions on the planet (Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Confucianism, Christianity, Taoism, and Judaism) be different in lots of values, such as how each faith is prepared and the notion method each upholds. Other dissimilarities are the nature of perception in a greater potential, a brief history of methods the globe as well as the faith started out, and using sacred text messages and objects.Religions organize themselves—their establishments, professionals, and structures—in many different trends. As an illustration, once the Roman Catholic Cathedral emerged, it lent many of its corporate concepts in the historic Roman armed forces and turned senators into cardinals, for instance. Sociologists use diverse conditions, like ecclesia, denomination, and sect, to define these sorts of businesses. Scholars may also be conscious that these descriptions usually are not static. Most religions transition through various corporate stages. By way of example, Christianity commenced as being a cult, transformed into a sect, and now is present for an ecclesia.

Cults, like sects, are new faith based groups. In america today this phrase often holds pejorative connotations. Nevertheless, just about all religions began as cults and gradually advanced to levels of better dimension and organization. The phrase cult is sometimes utilized interchangeably with all the expression new spiritual movement (NRM). In its pejorative use, these groups tend to be disparaged for being secretive, very handling of members’ lifestyles, and dominated by a single, charismatic head.

Conflict is present over whether some teams are cults, maybe due to some extent to mass media sensationalism over organizations like polygamous Mormons or even the Individuals Temple followers who passed away at Jonestown, Guyana. Some organizations which can be controversially called cults these days add the Cathedral of Scientology and also the Hare Krishna movement.

A sect can be a small, and relatively recent team. Most of the well known Christian denominations in the states right now started out as sects. By way of example, the Methodists and Baptists protested against their mother or father Anglican Cathedral in The united kingdom, just like Henry VIII protested up against the Catholic Cathedral by creating the Anglican Cathedral. From “protest” is available the term Protestant.

Sometimes, a sect can be a breakaway group of people that may be in stress with larger modern society. They sometimes claim to be returning to “the fundamentals” or competition the veracity of your certain doctrine. When account within a sect boosts with time, it could become a denomination. Normally a sect will begin as an offshoot of the denomination, when a group of participants considers they need to outside of the bigger class.

Some sects liquefy without growing into denominations. Sociologists get in touch with these established sects. Established sects, for example the Amish or Jehovah’s Witnesses slip halfway between sect and denomination around the ecclesia–cult continuum because these people have a mixture of sect-like and denomination-like features.

A denomination is really a huge, well known spiritual company, but it fails to claim to be official or condition subsidized. It is one faith among several. By way of example, Baptist, African Methodist Episcopal, Catholic, and Seventh-day Adventist are all Christian denominations.

The expression ecclesia, actually referring to a political construction of residents in ancient Athens, Greece, now identifies a congregation. In sociology, the expression is utilized to refer to a spiritual team that many all people in a modern society fit in with. It can be deemed a nationally recognized, or official, faith that contains a spiritual monopoly and is closely allied with condition and secular abilities. The Us lacks an ecclesia through this normal the truth is, this is actually the kind of spiritual business that lots of the initially colonists came to America to escape.One method to recall these religious company terminology is to think about cults, sects, denominations, and ecclesia representing a continuum, with increasing affect on community, where by cults are the very least powerful and ecclesia are most influential. Note that some religions may be practiced—or understood—in numerous types. For example, the Christian perception of the Sacred Trinity (God, Jesus, Sacred Mindset) defies the definition of monotheism, and that is a religion according to perception in a single deity, to many scholars. In the same manner, several Westerners see the a number of manifestations of Hinduism’s godhead as polytheistic, and that is a religion depending on belief in several deities,, although Hindus might describe those symptoms really are a monotheistic parallel to the Christian Trinity. Some Japanese practice Shinto, which practices animism, which is a faith that believes from the divinity of nonhuman creatures, like creatures, plants, and items in the all-natural community, when people who practice totemism rely on a divine connection between mankind along with other normal beings.

It is also worth noting that each and every modern society even offers nonbelievers, for example atheists, who do not believe in a divine being or organization, and agnostics, who keep that ultimate actuality (such as Lord) is unknowable. While typically not an organized group, atheists and agnostics represent a significant portion of the population. While typically no organized crew, atheists and agnostics symbolize a large portion of the populace. Without a doubt, numerous Nobel Peacefulness Winning prize winners as well as other wonderful humanitarians within the ages might have labeled themselves as atheists or agnostics. The oldest religious beliefs worldwide, Hinduism came from within the Indus River Valley about 4,500 yrs ago in what is currently present day-day northwest India and Pakistan. It arose contemporaneously with historic Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. With roughly one billion fans, Hinduism is definitely the next-biggest from the world’s religions. Hindus have faith in a divine power that could occur as distinct entities. Three major incarnations—Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva—are sometimes compared to the manifestations in the divine in the Christian Trinity.

A number of sacred texts, jointly called the Vedas, include hymns and rituals from old India and they are mostly written in Sanskrit. Hindus generally rely on a collection of principles known as dharma, which make reference to one’s obligation in the world that corresponds with “right” activities. Hindus also have faith in karma, or the notion that faith based implications of one’s actions are well-balanced cyclically in this life or possibly a future existence (reincarnation).