relationship.”’

relationship.”’Lewis v Motorworld Garages Ltd [1985] IRLR 465 (CA), Neill LJ, at 468:

‘…the repudiatory conduct may consist of a series of acts or incidents, some of them perhaps quite trivial, which cumulatively amount to a repudiatory breach of the implied term [of trust and confidence]’.

Glidewell LJ, at p.469:

‘The breach of this implied obligation of trust and confidence may consist of a series of actions on the part of the employer which cumulatively amount to a breach of the term, though each individual incident may not do so. In particular in such a case the last action of the employer which leads to the employee leaving need not itself be a breach of contract; the question is, does the cumulative series of acts taken together amount to a breach of the implied term?…This is the “last straw” situation.’

(iii) Breach not ‘waived’ by worker
Western Excavating Ltd v Sharp [1978] QB 761 (CA), 769 (Lord Denning MR):

‘Moreover, he must make up his mind soon after the conduct of which he complains: for, if he continues for any length of time without leaving, he will lose his right to treat himself as discharged. He will be regarded as having elected to affirm the contract.’

Bliss v South East Thames Regional Health Authority [1987] ICR 700 (CA); WE Cox Toner (International) Ltd v Crook [1981] ICR 823 (EAT); Jones v Sirl & Sons [1997] IRLR 493 (EAT)
3. DISMISSAL BY NOTICE

Common law notice
Hill v Parsons [1972] 1 Ch 305 (CA)

Apprenticeship contracts normally have to be fulfilled: Wallace v CA Roofing [1996] IRLR 435 (QB); Flett v Matheson [2006] ICR 67 (CA)
4. DISMISSAL WITHOUT NOTICE – SUMMARY DISMISSAL
Repudiatory breach of contract by worker

Re Rubel Bronze & Metal Co [1918] 1 KB 315 (KB), 322, MacCardie, J:

‘In every case the question of repudiation must depend on the character of the contract, the number and weight of the wrongful acts or assertions, the intentions indicated by such acts or words, the deliberation or otherwise with which they are committed or uttered and on the general circumstances of the case’.

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