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Reflective Practice: Authentic Formative Assessment


All instructors can recall the period when they watched a learner have an achievement studying moment, just to find in the next days that the learner forgot the details, could not show the ability, or, much worse, had forgotten the lesson totally. The fight for learners to study, apply, retain and demonstrate what they have studied is real. Nevertheless, a developing body of research is showing that metacognitive technique, particularly reflective evaluation, enables learners to cross over any barrier between retaining and learning both skills and content.

The notion that reflection gives advantage to students has been existing since the Plato era, who depicted reflection as “a discussion the mind holds with itself.” With the development of the practice of authentic formative evaluation in classrooms around the globe, evaluation is changing from an end-point estimation into an encouraging action that educates both learning and teaching along the way. Metacognitive procedures, particularly reflective evaluation, are innately formative in nature. In the meta-investigation research, instructive specialist Fernández, (2018) gives proof that providing learners’ period for reflection leads in their improved maintenance of scholarly material, which thus prompts improved educational accomplishment. Lasen et al. (2018) earlier research on techniques that improve studying likewise exhibited a solid association between learner reflection as well as improved accomplishment.

Reflective evaluation is a metacognitive plan and authentic formative appraisal methodology that motivates learners to consider their reasoning. Reflective reasoning enables learners to make sense of what they understand and do not as well as associates their studying to different encounters and data in their reality. For learners to have these expected results, the reflective evaluation ought to be done in an active, regular and endorsed way with the goal that learners develop muscle memory. In that, a reflective appraisal is best when educators deliberately and routinely give time to learners to take part in particular reflective evaluation techniques that emphasis both on learning and content processes.

Better Feedback for Students and Teachers

The reflective evaluation gives time for learners to analyze what they understood as well as to engage with reasoning about how they have studied. It performs this by constraining the learners to slow down their procedure by either verbalizing or writing what they have studied. More regularly than not, the manner in which learners study information emerge an innate part of the procedure since learners can seldom express what they have studied without discussing the manner in which they seemed to comprehend the information. This results in learners internalizing data at a deeper state by revisiting what they have studied and dynamically contextualizing it into their individual encounter. More significant, reflective evaluation opens up the chance for learners to critically analyze the manner in which they study, which contains promise in the notion of assisting them to build procedures for individual learning and study later in future (Holmberg and Duckor, 2018).

Reflective evaluation is comparably instructive for educators. When learners write reflectively on what they studied and how they studied it, the educator gets important information on what the learners did not or did understood from a specific lesson. It likewise informs the educator about the manners in which their learners study best. This information may then be broken into subsequent classes to improve the retention and learning of learners, thus resulting in advanced teaching as well as improved educational results.

A significant combination of outcomes occurs when the reflective evaluation is utilized as a discussion between teacher and student. When learners note their reflections, they confirm their processing and thinking. They likewise provide significant information to the educator. When the educator collects those noted reflections besides offers immediate feedback to the learner, a whole new stage of studying takes place. The message on the reflections may guide the learner toward more strong reflection as well as cautious discourse on ensuing endeavors. This makes learners look deeper as they reason about their reasoning, which not just educate them in a much significant manner, it likewise gives an even better message for the educator as she or he contemplates the development of other lessons.


There exist various wonderful approaches that may be utilized, however, the following maximize class time while giving authentic formative feedback for both teachers and students.

“I Learned” Statement

At the completion of a class, learners simply put down “I understood…” and then end the sentence. Instructors collect and readily review the articulations prior to giving them back to learners the following day. Preliminary attempts will possibly be concrete and simple, but if utilized consistently, learners would move to end the sentence with more insight and detail. Authentic formative response from the instructor will normally nudge learners into giving more depth in individual feedback. Moreover, teachers could use the feedback to update their training capacity. Learners benefit from this as they process individual learning and get feedback on their perception. This technique has the capacity to positively change those final few minutes of classroom period to beneficial period for teacher and students.


This is an easy-to-employ strategy that as well can increase learning duration in the classroom. The instructor poses an inquiry of the week which is founded on an upcoming message, but that needs more compared to a simple wrong or right answer. As classroom lessons unfold, learners are given time to indicate their ideas on the inquiry at the end of each class session. As learners gain more insights every day, they explain on their feedback. This could be performed individually and with a companion, each day and learners should be empowered to present their thinking utilizing charts, drawings, writing, and diagrams. As with the statement of “I learned”, this approach provides instructors information on how learners are/not internalizing individual learning as simultaneously providing learners the chance to process current data, place it in context, and determine individual comprehension with friends (Fernández, 2018).

Talk About It

This is like the often used pair share approach. However, the stress here is for learners to not simply process their ideas, but to explain and explore how they reached their perception. In groups and pairs of three, learners share what they understood, the way that learning can be used outside of the classroom context, and the way they come to that thinking. As with the other two approaches, this could make use of the final sessions of a classroom, or it could be utilized as a classroom opener in the following lessons. By communicating through their thoughts with others, learners refute and validate concepts they have developed. They as well become more deliberate in their perception. A ready, full-classroom and discussion sessions provide the instructor with authentic formative response concerning what learners have understood.

Best Practices in Formative Assessment to Authentically Assess Students

During my classroom sessions, I discovered that learners developed some overwhelming insights on what individual was learning when provided with time duration to reflect. I also noted that students understood about the way they learn, and by sharing with their colleagues, individual normally helped one another uncover current ways to strategize their learning. I as well found that frequently learners would be vulnerable in individual documented reflections in a way that they will no longer be in the classroom. In turn, I would record back, sharing the way their content impacted me and thanking the individual for their loyalty. This indicated a powerful and stronger connection with my learners that lasted more than the time I had them in the classroom. While this is an unquantifiable outcome that standardizes academic accomplishment, it is an essential part of developing strong associations in a classroom (Dillon et al., 2018).

Provide Effective Formative Feedback

In my operations with faculty, they normally expressed issue on adding another thing to the active plate of class time. Nonetheless, what they found is that giving time to reflect utilizing a structured approach actually involve better utilization of time in the learning room, and therefore there was no urge to find a means to carve out period to make it occur. They ingrained the utilization of the processes as part of warm-up strategies and broader exit. When individual compared information on learners’ performance, it clearly shows that reflection was impacting positively on student learners, which initiated the continued utilization of reflective evaluation. Sometime later, such faculty team are sharing individual techniques and experiences with current faculty, and therefore the application of reflection has become self-generative within the faculty.


By involving learners in reflective evaluation during the closing and opening of a classroom session, instructors make the best use of quality classroom period. This enables a win-win for themselves and individual students — the instructors gain profoundly as to what learners are or are not understanding, and the learners gain insight on how they best learn. Empowering the use of reflective evaluation is not simply best classroom activity, but will set the phase for lasting and meaningful permanence of understanding that would positively influence individuals.


Dillon, S., McDonnell, A., Murphy, D., & White, L. (2018). Alternative Methods to Traditional Written Exam-Based Assessment.

Fernández, C. G. (2018). Book Review: Assessment Strategies for Online Learning: Engagement and Authenticity. Digital Education Review, (34), 115-117.

Holmberg, C., & Duckor, B. (2018). Evaluating and Supporting Teacher Practice of Formative Assessment: Assessing Posing, Pausing, and Probing Moves.

Lasen, M., Evans, S., Tsey, K., Campbell, C., & Kinchin, I. (2018). Quality of WIL assessment design in higher education: a systematic literature review. Higher Education Research & Development37(4), 788-804.

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