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Reflection on “The Communist Manifesto”

In the pamphlet titled “The Communist Manifesto,” Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels distinguish between two groups in society, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. According to the authors, the proletariat is exploited by the bourgeoisie who are considered the owners of production. The association between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie is constructed on exploitation and conflicts. As the bourgeoisie demands to get maximum profits from the production activities, they exploit the suppressed proletariat as workers and offer minimal wages to them. The wages are not commensurate to the quality and quantity of the work offered by the proletariat, leading to the conflicts witnessed between the groups. Since the bourgeoisie is more powerful and financially stable than the proletariat, the latter group always remains victimized. Despite the constant exploitation of the proletariat, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels point out that the rise of workers to powers will lead to the fall of the bourgeoisie and the extinction of the capitalist society.

“The Communist Manifesto” communicates the potential growth of the proletariat and their potential to change society. According to Marx and Engels, as the bourgeoisie makes profits from the exploitation of the proletariat, the latter group sinks into poverty. The proletariat depends on the wages availed by the bourgeoisie. In instances where they are given low wages, they are likely suffering. The proletariat is treated as a commodity whose benefits are market driven. As such, the value of wages offered to the proletariat is dependent on the economic state of the capitalist society.

Further exploitation of the proletariat is observed with the advancements in technology and the development of machines. Such progress promotes the division of labor that renders most of the proletariat jobless. The class must utilize the machines in order to maximize production. The implications are enhanced economic performance for the bourgeoisie, while the proletariat registers a significant decrease in wages. The exploitation does not end with the bourgeoisie or owners of production but goes down to the service providers in the capitalist society that further exploit the working class.

The increasing cases of exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie lead to a form of conflict between the two groups in society. The working class starts the struggle to rebel against the exploitative acts of the bourgeoisie. The conflict that starts with a single group of workers expands to include larger groups of workers. Even though the workers are focused on reviving the initial terms of their engagement with the owners of production, they are disorganized and realize that they cannot accomplish the goal without further reorganizations. The long distances separating the workers also bar them from building a strong force against the bourgeoisie.

The idea to form unions is significant in ensuring the proletariat’s rise to power. Initially, their unions are controlled by the bourgeoisie, so they do not realize many benefits from them. Nevertheless, the advancement in technology lead to the loss of many jobs, mostly among professionals, leading to a significant increase in the number of qualified workers. These workers form trade unions and other groups to enable them to fight the exploitative nature of the bourgeoisie. The effective communication made possible by advancements in technology enhance the performance of trade unions. The proletariat rising to power can result in the destruction of the bourgeoisie and the capitalist society.

It is worth noting that the bourgeoisie and the proletariat are present in every society. However, for the bourgeoisie to have full control of the proletariat and for the latter social class to be oppressed, there are some factors that the oppressor depend on. The oppressive force must be sustainable. In the modern system, sustainable oppression is nearly impossible due to the high number of workers and the inability of the bourgeoisie to guarantee sustainable oppression. With the development of trade unions, the rise of the proletariat is inexorable.

According to Marx and Engels, the membership of the identified two groups in society is based on ownership. The bourgeoisie are referred to as the owners of production, while the proletariat are non-owners of production. The association between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie is constructed on exploitation and conflict. Even though the two groups are dependent on each other, the bourgeoisie embraces an exploitative relationship where they suppress the proletariat with the goal of profit maximization. The bourgeoisie turn almost all professionals in society into wage-laborers.

However, the proletariat can work to destroy the whole systems and free themselves from exploitation. By forming unions and increasing their power in society, the working class is likely to defeat the bourgeoisie. Since they do not own anything from the system, they are likely to incur no losses. As such, the proletariat should start a revolution to begin fighting for a communist society.

In their renowned “The Communist Manifesto,” Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels address the injustice that exists in capitalist societies. The proletariat are constantly oppressed despite the fact that they contribute most of the labor. On the other hand, the bourgeoisie owns all the means of production which allows them to subjugate the working majority. Considering the widespread automation and the improvement of communication technologies, the philosophers determine that a communist revolution is not only feasible but can and will lead to a more fair economic system.

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