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Pre-Socratics Arche

Discuss the concept of Being/Arche as understood by the Pre-Socratic. Which Pre-Socratic offered the best theory of Being? Explain that theory and support your explanation with textual evidence. Then, offer a critical analysis that ultimately defends or critiques that theory.

Identifying one’s purpose in the society and striving to attain the purpose is important to any person. An examined life does not only allow one to challenge the existing norms and influence the life of others within the society, but equally provide an opportunity for one to have a virtuous life. As observed in the Plato’s apology a number of individuals who failed to examined their lives equally failed to have a worthy or virtues life. For instance, Meletus failed to critically examine the persons that influence the lives of the youths. His thought that all Athenians except Socrates lived a life of virtue that they impart on every youth led to him prosecuting an innocent man (Hackforth, 2014). Further cross examinations also revealed that Meletus had also not impacted the lives of the youths, exposing him as not just one who irresponsibly prosecute others, but also as one who seems to be concerned with issues that he has never shown any care. Similarly, Calias failed to examine the suitable ideals to pursue in building a virtuous life for his kids. He ended up improving the persuasion and public speaking skills of the kids that did not enhance their virtue but rather made them more corrupt.  Callias ended up causing more harm than good to his children. Crito also failed to critically examine whose decisions holds on issues of justice or injustice. He therefore ended up convincing Socrates to escape from prison, an action that is considered unjust. Crito’s eagerness to assist a friend and to go by the demands of the majority, positioned him as uncourageous when dealing with emotional matters. Similarly, Crito’s failed to accomplish his goal of having Socrates escape from prison since Socrates chose to stick to his well-examined life (Hackforth, 2014). Failing to examine certain aspects of life, prevented the chosen cases from achieving their goals and also from positively influencing the lives of others.

Achieving any purpose in life is nearly impossible when one lives an unexamined life. Taking the case of the above persons, the implications of failing to examine various life issues did not only prevent them from achieving their sole purpose but led to them causing harm or injustice to others. Moreover, they fail to attain self-fulfillment that translates to unworthy life. Examined life is therefore important to any individual since it does not only allow one to have a purposeful life at a personal level, but equally enable one to positively influence the lives of others, by avoiding harm or injustice to anyone.