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Potential risks in Non-Governmental Organizations

Humanitarian agencies such as Save the Children, OXFAM and World Vision charged with the provision of the support services. Even though they may seem to be competitors, there is no doubt that some of these are important stakeholders and are specialized in handling a specific segment of the affected population such as Save the Children in the provision of services to children and OXFARM in the delivery of medical services. In UNICEF, the Supplies, the financial, the logistics and the human resource department were the most important departments for the project. While the project is an emergency project, risk appraisal is inevitably vital because the likelihood of the insurgents waylaying the supplies is high; such mitigations as partnering with the government for security and assurance are born from such appraisal.

An analysis of the business context is important in project risk appraisal because it helps project managers appropriately determine risk categories and risk sources. Taking such a step helps in the systematically examining the changing situations and determine factors that impede on the ability to meet the objectives of a project. Additionally, the analysis provided evidence of the parameters adopted in the risk management effort. Every project operates in a specific environment and business context and requires that adequate parameters in for evaluating, prioritizing and categorizing are aligned to the business context. Callahan and Brooks (2004) reports that analysis of business context in risk appraisal plays a fundamental role in providing common and consistent criteria for comparing how different risks are managed and determining the appropriate path to pursue in risk management.

It also helps project managers establish and maintain an appropriate risk management strategy.  There is no doubt that the development of an appropriate risk-management strategy is daunting task most managers involved in complex projects encompassed by numerous stakeholders. Managers have to understand the business context in which they are operating in to understand the scope of risks and adopt methods and tools necessary for risk management. Last, an analysis of the business context in project appraisal provides evidence of a process in identification and documentation of risk. The proper identification of vulnerabilities such as overflow on the number of displaced population and the development of a complex health condition during crises can only be addressed on the basis of sound analysis of business context. The documentation of risks stems from the conditions, context and consequences of risk occurrence.  To remain effective during the project lifecycle, project managers need to address every possible event regardless of how remote its occurrence can be.  The development of such a robust document and identification of risks stems from the ability to understand the business context of the project. The advantage of proper risk identification on the basis of business context lays the ground for the initiation of risk management activities (Callahan & Brooks, 2004). Besides, the business context and environment keep changing and as such, gaining deep insights into the business context provides project managers with knowledge to periodically re-examine the possible sources of risks and the probability of a re-occurrence of previous risks. Developing a strategy for risk mitigation is a product of multi-dimensional elements in broad risk management that encompasses the ability to understand the business context during risk appraisal.

Potential Risks

Two key sources of risks were identified in unit 1 of the discussion. These include the response times and inability to determine the number of displaced victims during an extremist attack. The response time remain a consistent source of risk for the project because the project is primarily defined as an emergency-based project. Emergency project are always encompassed by lack of adequate time to assess and determine the situation and plan accordingly (Otegnade, 2018). Two important stakeholders that should be widely consulted throughout the risk management identification and analysis are the government agencies and other humanitarian partners in the region. This is because the government plays an instrumental role in the provision of critical services such as security needs, assessment tools, personnel and facility to assess the immediate impact of an attack. Additionally, the government is the custodian of data on the number of its citizens in the affected areas and as such, has the capacity to provide detailed information or the estimates on the crisis.  The government, through its communication channels and security agencies provide timely reports on the safety corridors for the humanitarian teams to move ahead and deliver their services to the affected populations.

The second source of risk is the inability to accurately determine the number of victims in the aftermath of an extremist attack. Even though an estimate of 20,000 possible victims had been given, the possibility of this number being lower or higher would instigate a great project risk. A sudden rise in the number of victims would put a strain on the available resources and call for emergency response or render the project unmanageable. For the current project, the number we had to attend to hit 36,000, almost double the previous estimates. It was important that we consult other humanitarian agencies in the region and donors. The humanitarian partners come into play in helping lessen the burden on resources available within UNICEF. On the other hand, the donors could be approached to provide additional resources and funding to bridge the gap between demand and availability.