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open note and book essay exam

This exam is an open note and book essay exam. You will be expected to answer five identifications and one essay questions. Be sure to include source material, including primary source readings. You may also use outside sources as long as they are reliable, academic sources (no encyclopedias). Be sure to cite information, ideas, paraphrasing, and quotations using Chicago style. Please type your exam in Microsoft Word.

Identifications (50 Points):

Please answer Five (5) of the following terms/people/events to identify in 250-300 words each. Your answers need to include an explanation of who, what, where, when, and why it was historically significant. Be sure to include analysis. Each ID is worth 10 points. You need to write in complete sentences (paragraph format). Bullet point answers will not be accepted and you must cite your sources using Chicago style. In addition to class resources, you may use outside sources.

Louis Philippe
Napoleon III
Otto von Bismarck
Charles Darwin

Essay (50 points):

Please answer the following essay question. Use the question as a starting point in writing your essays. Be sure that your essays include an introduction, thesis, evidence, and conclusion, and are cohesive. Also, you must cite your sources (anything that is not general knowledge), including any ideas or information used from the discussion boards and your fellow classmates. You may use outside sources, but be sure that they are reliable. You may not use encyclopedia sources for this course, including sites like or Your essay question should be 4 pages in length, double-spaced with Times New Roman 12-point font. Please use Chicago style of citation.

1. Compare and contrast the French Revolution with the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and German and Italian Unification. What were the causes, events, and results? Which do you argue was more revolutionary? Which was more successful? Why? How did the 19th-century ideologies influence both the causes and results of these revolutions? How and why are these events important to the development of Modern Europe?

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