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Moto Tic disorder

Motor Disorder

Motor disorder is categorized under tic disorders that refer to sudden twitches, sounds or movements that people make repetitively. According to Black, Black, Greene and Schlaggar, (2016) individuals with motor tic disorder experience brief but repetitive movements or utter unwanted sounds. It is however impossible for an individual suffering from motor tic disorder to exhibit both symptoms. Motor tic disorder is less common than provisional tic disorder but more common than Tourette syndrome, conditions that are also categorized under tic disorder.

Previous and current studies have failed to give comprehensive information on the probable cause of motor tic disorder; nevertheless, some scholars have asserted that motor tics may refer to forms of Tourette syndrome, an assertion that is still open for further debate on its level of accuracy.

Symptoms

Symptoms of motor disorder vary from excessive to chronic eye blinking, repetitive unwanted vocal sounds (throat clearing or grunting), facial grimaces, and jerking of the head, arms or legs. Individuals suffering from motor tic disorder reports that they experience a sense of relief when they make the above stated movements or sounds (Reese, Vallejo, Rasmussen, Crowe, Rosenfield & Wilhelm, 2015). Majority say that the movements and sounds are made as a result of an inner urge that continue even during sleep. The urge may worsen in cases of excitement, frustration, stress or fatigue. As reported by Greene et al (2015) persons with the disorder can only refrain from making the sounds or movements for a brief period, but will be forced to do so in the long run due to the inner urge that they experience.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Motor tic disorder usually occurs at an early of 4 or 5 years and worsens until the affected individual attains 12 years of age. The condition is likely to improve in adulthood. The examination or test to confirm the conditions are mainly done after a number of symptoms has been reported (Reese et al., 2015). Diagnosis is carried out through physical examinations and those that have had tics on a daily basis for a span of 1 year are confirmed to be suffering from the disorder.

As currently reported, there is no cure for motor disorder. The treatments offered mainly focus on reducing the severity of the symptoms experienced by an individual. A number of health care practitioners prescribe medications or psychotherapy, but this is mainly to reduce the impacts of the tics on the quality life and daily activities of the individuals Greene et al (2015). Drugs offered in reducing the negative impacts have negative side effects thus it is important to weigh their benefits against drawbacks before offering them as a solution.

Significance of Awareness Training

Creating awareness and informing the society on the existence of motor tic disorder is a noble step towards the management of the condition. Awareness training on the symptoms of the disorder and their management needs to be conducted with the patients as well as the care providers (Greene et al., 2015). An understanding of the spectrum of the disorder as well as the associated impacts on quality of life enables the care givers to offer quality care to the persons having the disorder. On the other hand, patients are able to live with the symptoms if they recognize the symptoms and know their warnings to respond appropriately. Awareness is also necessary to ensure maximum social support is accorded to the patients by their families. Individuals suffering from motor disorder are only likely to learn habit reversal skills and relaxation skills through creation of awareness. The identified habits and skills are vital in assisting the patient minimize tension, anxiety or stress that may worsen the situation. As such, conducting awareness on the existing of the disorder, its spectrum and symptoms is therefore vital in assisting persons with the disorder leave positively with the symptoms.

References

Black, K. J., Black, E. R., Greene, D. J., & Schlaggar, B. L. (2016). Provisional Tic Disorder: What to tell parents when their child first starts ticcing. F1000Research5.

Reese, H. E., Vallejo, Z., Rasmussen, J., Crowe, K., Rosenfield, E., & Wilhelm, S. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorder: a pilot study. Journal of psychosomatic research78(3), 293-298.

Greene, D. J., Koller, J. M., Robichaux-Viehoever, A., Bihun, E. C., Schlaggar, B. L., & Black, K. J. (2015). Reward enhances tic suppression in children within months of tic disorder onset. Developmental cognitive neuroscience11, 65-74.