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Introduction to Ancient Rome

Introduction to Ancient Rome

In this lesson, you will learn to differentiate the periods in the history of Ancient Rome. This lesson will help understand the historic context of the different works of art we will study in the next lesson.

Timeline Review the timeline on pg. 178 of your textbook, the “Who’s Who in the Roman World” on p. 179, and the chapter overview on p. 229.

You will see that the history of the Roman Empire can be divided into the following important periods: 1. Monarchy, 753-509 BCE 2. Republic, 509-27 BCE 3. Early Empire, 27 BCE-96 CE. An important ruler in this period included was Augustus (Livia), who ruled from 27 BCE-14 CE. 4. High Empire, 96-192 CE 5. Late Empire, 192-337 CE Polical History Now, read the article, Introduction to Ancient Rome. ( As you read, think about the roles of rulers in the history of Rome and predict the implications of these roles for the history of art.

Reading History in Sculpture Finally, watch the following film, “Rome’s History in Four Faces at The Met.” Turn on film captions by clicking the “CC” in the lower right corner. As you watch the film, think about how art can offer insight into historical events and ancient values.

Works of art in the film: Portrait of a Man, late 1st century B.C.E., marble, 5/1/2019 6.1: Lesson: Introduction to Ancient Rome: Western Art History 32087-931 2/2 marble; and portrait of the emperor Caracalla, 212-17 C.E., marble, 36.2 cm high (The Metropolitan Museum of Art). Speakers: Dr. Jeffrey Becker and Dr. Beth Harris. Rome’s history in four faces at The Met 5/1/2019 6.2 Lesson: Introduction to Roman Art: Western Art History 32087-931 1/2 6.2 Lesson:

Introducon to Roman Art

Introducon In this lesson, you will learn about the different concepts that defined Roman art from 753 BCE-14 CE. You will study specific examples of Roman art against the background in which they were created.

As you read and watch the videos in the tabs, take notes on the following questions: How did Roman art and architecture respond to changing political, social, and economic conditions?

What forms and materials defined the architecture of the Roman Republic?

What style defined the sculpture of the Roman Republic?

What differentiated the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Styles of mural painting at and around Pompeii? How did art under Augustus both emulate and depart from Greek models?

Further Reading Optional further reading on Roman art can be found in Chapter 7, The Roman Empire in Kyle

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