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International Politics of the Middle East

History would repeat itself in several forms, especially from the African Continent.  There are many issues involved during historical discussions and a portion of it is leadership and political views from a particular region examined in different forms. This paper will cover an evaluation summary of the international politics in the Middle East alongside discussions on the history behind the political platform I this particular region.

            The foundation of the Middle East alongside the North Africa was immediately after the World War I where the Ottomans experienced a tremendous defeat. There was a collaboration of the Arabs and Britain with an intention of forming the Arabic Kingdom. This goal was not achieved and disappointment was registered by the end of World War I. Several events took place after this war a major one being the division of the area into a minute number of the original states that were Independent. As such were the composition of the borders of Arbitration and weak leaders. A mandate rule was implemented by the League of Nations that assured an official Independence of the state of Arabs with conditions lying on permits from the powers of Europeans, which had an obligation of guiding and helping countries such as Iraq and Jordan among others, until they found their own independence.

            The authorities offered to these states were urged to be an indirect colonization as evident in the North African countries such as Tunisia and Algeria among others who were officially independent in the 1950s and 1960s. In the fall of World War II, there was betrayal experienced from the countries that had assumptions of independence especially after being promised by the colonialists. An impact on decolonization was a contribution to issues of democracy and how people related socially. A positive impact on the cold war between the United States and her allies was noted by the then President Bush as there was stability in the state. Some of the privileges enjoyed during this time were economic stability due to the advertising of high profile market, the weapons used in military camps and during wars as well as the political tactics that influenced a stabilized leadership.

            Laxity was noted coming from the French and the Great Britain having collaborated with the United States to gang up against the threat of Soviet as there was no urgency to withdraw from their previous colonies as the diplomatic back up and material assistance was found from the new states they collaborated with. There was belief in the West that should the Great Britain and France would discontinue from the area, the Soviet Union would step up. This union set to have its expansion of powers to the MENA who had the resources such as oil production, the links in terms of trade and the strategic location of the place. Colonization may have seemed to end, the actual independence transition was still underway. The current Iraq, Egypt, Jordan were impacted by the power from the British who had control over the resources acquired by these countries such as oil and trade routes and therefore the consented the leaders to give authority on the countries that were outside the Ottoman Kingdom.

            The new monarchs derived most of their powers to rule from Europe, making which influenced the countries they ruled to become the accomplices of the West. In order to return the favor, the monarchs offered full support system politically in the United States, especially at that time, the ongoing cold war as the continuation for economic help from Britain was even more driven. The maintenance of bonds between the previous colonies of Britain added advantages to them in a political form as it stabilizes the career through unification of its citizens. The support was not sufficient by any way to stop this from its occurrence and led to mistrust and disorganization between the American and the responsible countries such as Libya and Iraq.

            The system of the Soviet Union was clearly not embraced by the countries as compared to the honesty and loyalty by the eastern states in the European continent. There were lessons picked from the Soviet Union like their economic growth methods which would enable the countries have a strong foundation of industrialization. Despite the indirect ruling by the British, there was still resistance and lack of trust from their former colonies. Unfortunately, the results experienced afterwards were similar to the rules of the British. The French used direct rule that entailed the civilization missions, organization on the land partitioning methods among other leadership skills that directly reached the citizens. These cases were particularly in the North Africa different from cases in Syria. Decolonization became a challenging mission fro the Frenchmen who had intentions to maintain oversees help in the package of the military support in mind. An observation was made that showed the high population of the French particularly in Algeria making it challenging process of decolonization to begin.

            According to Issawi (2013), following the challenge experienced by the French on the population growth of the citizens in Algeria, they attempted to retain it and this failed, leading to numerous scandals with a common one being the blood shed and arguments that arose during this process. The aftermath of this war was the transition of Algeria into the state of one party ruling which was also applied in Tunisia. Algeria joined the British and American former colonies and became anti imperialist. The unity developed transformed systems of colonial interactions with the economy being on the Frontline followed by the strongest military groups held. The Soviet Union was responsible for the transformation of military forces in the ancient days and this reinforced an anti-imperialism slogan in the countries led by this power.

            The alliance was weakened because of intolerance by the former colonies that were against communism. Tunisia followed the lead and attained the one party statesmanship and fortunately had a well grounded and disciplined ruler who did tolerate impunity or betrayal strategies while on the other hand maintained its relation with the western powers and France. There was an emerging urge by the United States to maintain its relationship, especially with the Soviet Union, which was a threat to them in terms of the security details and even so, this was challenging due to the political arenas in the geographical surroundings (Lagi et al, 2011).


            The issues of power and political strategies began in the early 1920s in the Middle East and North Africa. Unfortunately, this issue is ongoing in the 21st century promoting more issues that need to be addressed such as poor governance and leadership skills.

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