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Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

Q1: Describe the difference between mitigation, preparedness and response (Hint: the 4 phases of the emergency cycle are mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery). Give at least two examples (i.e. actions, strategies, measures) of EACH of these 3 phases in relation with hurricanes.

Q2: Set aside time to create a preparedness plan for yourself or your family thinking about the hypothetical scenario of a Cat. 5 hurricane making landfall near Cape Canaveral (think about the possibility of power being down for weeks, contamination of drinking water, shortages of essential goods, down cellphone networks, potential looting, spread of diseases due to proliferation of stagnant sewage water, etc.), What would you include? How would it be different from a preparedness plan for a devastating earthquake (if you were living, let’s say, in California)?

Q3: Describe the importance of preparedness exercises using a warning system in the Pacific Northwest. Why are warning systems so important in this area? What hazards require this type of systems? Explain what states like Oregon or Washington are doing to prevent and prepare for high-scale disasters in their region.