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Grendel, by John Gardner

As an examle of metafiction, Grendel spends most of his time observing humans, trying to understand their laws, morals, and value systems. Unlike in Beowulf, we do not see them as helpless victims of slaughter by Grendel, but rather as faceless humans working within systems that don’t make sense. How do Grendel’s observations reveal some truths about human existence?

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