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Global Health Risk Paper

Global Health Risk Paper

To prevent disease and injury, it is necessary to identify and deal with their causes – the health risks that underlie them. Each risk has its own causes too, and many have their roots in a complex chain of events over time, consisting of socioeconomic factors, environmental and community conditions, and individual behaviour. The causal chain offers many entry points for intervention. As can be seen from the example of ischaemic heart disease (Figure 1), some elements in the chain, such as high blood pressure or cholesterol, act as a relatively direct cause of the disease. Some risks located further back in the causal chain act indirectly through intermediary factors. These risks include physical inactivity, alcohol, smoking or fat intake. For the most distal risk factors, such as education and income, less causal certainty can be attributed to each risk. However, modifying these background causes is more likely to have amplifying effects, by influencing multiple proximal causes; such modifications therefore have the potential to yield fundamental and sustained improvements to health (3). In addition to multiple points of intervention along the causal chain, there are many ways that populations can be targeted. The two major approaches to reducing risk are: • targeting high-risk people, who are most likely to benefit from the intervention • targeting risk in the entire population, regardless of each individual’s risk and potential benefit.

Choose a global health issue. For this assignment, you will introduce the health issue and discuss the interventions necessary to prevent the issue and promote health.
Some topics to consider may include:
• Anthrax
• Bioterrorism
• Cholera
• Clostridium botulinum infection
• Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus
• Ebola virus disease
• Escherichia coli
• Human immunodeficiency virus disease
• Malaria
• Plague
• Severe respiratory distress syndrome
• Small pox
• Suicide
• Tuberculosis
• Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus infection
• West Nile virus
Include the following in your paper:
1. Introduction/overview of the health issue and the prevalence in the United States and worldwide
2. Contributing factors
3. Prevention strategies
4. Signs and symptoms
5. Diagnostic tests (if applicable)
6. Advanced practice nursing role and management strategies
7. Medical/pharmacological management (if applicable)
8. Follow-up care
9. Conclusion

Write a 3 page paper following APA format. 
You must include 2–3 scholarly sources in your citations and references. 

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