Family-Centered Obesity Prevention/Treatment

With the increasing cases of child and parental obesity, the condition has come to be a major public health issue. For this reason, the wide range of risk factors for obesity are observed, especially among children. I have a significant interest in understanding whether obese parents raise obese children. Developing a PICOT question gives me a good start for my research in understanding the relationship between obesity in parents and obesity in childhood and adolescence. A PICOT question further forms the basis of evidence-based practice in healthcare (Cooke, Smith & Booth, 2012).

Question: Are Kids of Parents with Obesity at a Higher Risk of Obesity than Those without Obese Parents Between the Age of 4 and 18?

My population of interest is children between the age of 4 and 18. The intervention, indicator or exposure, in this case, is having obese parents. In answering this question, the outcome I want to see is that kids with obese parents risk developing obesity at a higher rate. For instance, Bahreynian et al. (2017) have found that children and adolescents whose parents have obesity are 1.7 times more likely to be obese those with parents who have normal weight. On the other hand, the control or alternative management strategy is, children of parents without obesity. The timeframe to be considered or to collect information on this question is the age between 4 and 18 years, that is, childhood and adolescence. The timescale of between 4 and 18 years is relevant to the question considering that it is the period within which individuals are under the care of their parents and even partake in the same lifestyle as their parents.


Bahreynian, M., Qorbani, M., Khaniabadi, B. M., Motlagh, M. E., Safari, O., Asayesh, H., & Kelishadi, R. (2017). Association between obesity and parental weight status in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology9(2), 111-117. DOI:10.4274/jcrpe.3790

Cooke, A., Smith, D., & Booth, A. (2012). Beyond PICO. Qualitative Health Research22(10), 1435-1443. DOI:10.1177/1049732312452938