Evaluating Claims

Steps to Completing the Assignment: 1. Identify a topical issue about child or adolescent development (e.g., should armed police officers be stationed in schools? Is playing Fortnite and similar video games harmful to children? What is effective ways to combat cyberbullying?). Perhaps select one of the issues in your In the News source if you are interested in it, consider a topic you have heard about in your classes, or search online to find other current issues. 2. Conduct a search for 4 non-scholarly sources (source comes from someone not affiliated with a University). Find sources related to that topic that come from different media sources (e.g., newspaper, magazine, blog, organization website, advertisement, TV, documentary, book, personal interview, podcast, social media feed). You will be assessed on how well you pick sources that demonstrate a connection to one another. 3. Search for 4 scholarly sources that address the topic you have selected. Again it is best to find sources that address the claims of the non-scholarly articles as closely as possible. Three of your sources must be empirical studies (data was collected and analyzed). One of your sources should be a literature review. It is useful to find your literature review first, as they usually provide sufficient background on the topic to help you understand the topic and find additional scholarly sources. Literature Review Paper a. An introduction that presents the topic and main claim(s) you will be addressing in your paper. The introduction should capture the reader’s interest, present any controversies in the topic, a thesis or question you will address in the paper, and an outline of the rest of the paper. b. Body of your paper organized in themes/sections. Within these sections you should describe the claims and evidence from your sources. Present information about positions your sources take, how they support those positions. Follow the description with a critical evaluation of your sources. Explain the strengths and weaknesses of the information provided by the source and unanswered questions or how the source contributes to the topic and leads to the next paragraph. c. Comparison of sources. You should make comparison among sources and your evaluation of the sources. How do the sources support one another, refute one another, and explanations for which sources were more impactful and why. d. Conclusion. You should make conclusive statements about the topic/issue you are addressing, implications of the issue to parents, teachers, counselors, or others in interacting with children, and issues or factors that are left unresolved or unaddressed. Evaluating Sources’ Claims Category 1 – Unacceptable 2 – Developing 3 – Proficient 4 – Exemplary Weight % Inquisitivenes s Paper is not topical and addressed ideas that have been well established in the field. Thesis or question is confusing or too vague. Thesis or question is topical but is very broad or vague and does not address specific variables that address the complexity of the topic. Thesis or question is specific, clear, and topical. Paper mentions new perspectives on topic but does not develop those ideas. Paper includes a well developed question or thesis. Paper addresses a new perspectiv e on the topic and the topic is of current interest, paper captures complexity of topic. 6% 1.5x Ability to Describe Claims from Sources Mischaracterize s the claims made by the sources, claims described in paper are too vague or simplistic. Not all claims were identified. Identifies claims for some of the sources, the claims for some sources may not have been accurately captured. Claims are not clearly stated or difficult for the reader to find. Accurately identifies the claims made in most of the sources used. Provides some description to help reader understand the claim. Can accurately identify the main point made by the author(s) or organizati on for each source. Able to clarify the sources’ points with 12% 3x definitions of terms and examples Ability to Describe Evidence Used in Sources Evidence not described Evidence not well described Or Evidence is described for just some sources Describes evidence in sources, but is not selective in information presented (too many unimportant details that detract from overall message or overlooks important features of the evidence) Can accurately identify and describe the evidence/ support used by sources to support claim. Descriptio n of evidence from source focuses on important features that have an impact on the strength and accuracy of the claim. 12% 3x Ability to Evaluate Sources and Specify Contributions of Sources to Topic Very few vague evaluations of sources Contributions are to be inferred rather than clearly stated Sources are evaluated based on superficial or unimportant characteristic s Very little explanation for quality of evidence Descriptions of contributions to topic largely missing Most sources are evaluated based on how well the evidence supports the claims Contributions of sources to topic not clearly stated for all sources All sources are clearly evaluated on how well the evidence supports the claims (strengths and weakness es) Provides alternative explanatio ns of evidence Explains what credible informatio n each source adds to topic 16% 4x Ability to Evaluate the Different Types of Sources No comparisons made among scholarly and non-scholarly sources Comparisons of the claims made by scholarly and non-scholarly sources are vague or incomplete There is a surface level comparison of the claims made by the scholarly and non-scholarly sources that focuses on style, credibility, or impact on the reader Explains trends seen among the different types of sources used and the persuasiv e impact they have on the audience. Paper provides specific examples to illustrate 8% 2x the above points. Quality of Sources Selected Not enough sources used Many of the sources used do not fit well with the paper topic Most of the sources used are related to the paper topic in some fashion Sources do not relate well to one another Sources used are all clearly related to the paper topic Most sources relate well to one another Sources used are all relevant to the paper topic All sources relate well to one another and have a clear purpose for being included in the paper 4% 1x Writing Style Introduction Introduces topic Thesis or question is not clearly stated Introduction does not capture the purpose of paper. Introduces topic Thesis or question is vaguely stated Introduction does not capture the significance of topic Introduces topic Explains significance of topic Clear and specific thesis or question is presented Background is insufficient to assist reader or is too exhaustive and detracts from the specific focus of paper. Outline of paper exists but not clearly aligned with sections of paper. Introduces topic to capture readers interest Gives brief backgroun d of topic to give reader enough informatio n to understan d ideas addressed in paper Explains significanc e of topic Clear and specific thesis or question 4% 1x is presented Outlines sections of paper Body of Paper Paper is highly unorganized. Paragraphs are not of appropriate length. No transitions used to connect ideas and create themes. Writing appears to rephrase sources rather than deliver ideas in writer’s own voice Paper contains sections, but sections do not connect well with one another to capture the main points writer is trying to make. Writer demonstrate s a bias and presents information from one point of view. Paper is organized in sections but the sections are not connected well with one another. An objective writing style is maintained throughout most of the paper. Writes using own words. Paper and the sources used are organized by themes. Transitions are used to connect ideas among paragraph s and to connect ideas among sections of the paper. Maintains objective/ balanced writing style Writes using own words 8% 2x Conclusion and application of information Little or no summary of the paper Brief or no mention of a concluding ideas, implications, or future ideas Summarizes some points of the paper Conclusions on the topic are not clearly stated Very brief mention of any implications or unanswered questions Summarizes the important points of the paper Makes firm conclusion about topic Describes how the information and conclusions can be put to practical use Summarize s important points of the paper Makes firm conclusion and explains the basis for those conclusion s Describes how the information and conclusions can be put to practical use Describes unanswer ed questions and specific future research needs 4% 1x APA Style Paper shows disregard to APA style. Contains consistent errors. Inconsistent use of APA style and format. Headings and Citations use correct APA style. Few errors in references. Headings, Citations, and Reference s follow APA style (6 th edition). No errors are apparent. 2% .5x G r a m m a r Cle a r la c k o f p r o o f r e a din g. G r a m m a tic al errors and typos appea r t h r o u g h o u t p a p e r a n d d e t r a c t f r o m r e a din g. S o m e min o r g r a m m a tic al errors but no typos. P r o p e r s e n t e n c e s t r u c t u r e, use of punctuatio n, organized paragraph s, no spelling errors or typos

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