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Environmental Crimes Committed by Multinational Corporations and Attribution of Criminal Liability to them

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Environmental Management: A case of the Nigerian Hotel sector within Lagos

I have always known that most of the human activities have negative implications on nature and the environment as a whole. However, the information in the book by Thomas and Murfitt (2011) widened my knowledge on the extent through which different activities initiated by man pollutes the environment. The author mentioned air pollution, noise pollution, soil erosion, loss of native vegetation and reduction in a number of wild animals as the major environmental problems that are currently reported. I tend to concur with those following my observation on how the whole world is concerned about the above issues as well as the issues of climate change, hazardous material dispersion and loss of biodiversity that are all induced by human activity. There is, therefore, a need to embrace strategies for environmental management to address the above-identified issues.

Focusing on the case of the Nigerian Hotel sector as presented by Oluseyi, Babatunde and Babatunde (2016) in their article, it is observed that the activities of the hotel lead to excessive production and release of CO2 into the atmosphere. As Peters et al (2012) point out, excessive emission of CO2 is detrimental to the environment since it is a primary greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. The energy consumption and release of CO2 are also higher in other nations across the world. I have learned that almost all human activities consume a lot of energy and also release a lot of greenhouse gases that cause environmental pollution and consequently contribute towards the recent climate change (Pearce, Barbier & Markandya, 2013). All nations across the world, therefore, have an obligation of initiating approaches that will limit if not curb the excessive release of CO2 into the environment.

The environmental management process should focus on protecting biodiversity, minimizing or avoiding pollution and wastes, and minimizing the excessive use of non-renewable resources. I initially thought that environmental management is the role of governments of various institutions prior to reading the book by Thomas and Murfitt (2011). I have however come to realize that every individual within the society has a role to play in the management of the environment if sustainable development is to be accomplished. Transnational corporations, the NGOs, all citizens pursuing various activities such as farmers, gatherers, nomadic pastoralists and fishermen all have a significant role to play in the management of the environment. As Mitchell (2013) points out, everyone should be focused on minimizing the negative effects that their activities might have on the environment. As much as the government has the absolute role of ensuring that the environment and natural resources are conserved, if we properly participate in the conservation process, then the dream of achieving ecological sustainability will be realized.


Thomas, I & Murfitt, P. (2011). Environmental management: processes and practices for Australia. 2nd Edition, N.S.W. Federation Press

Oluseyi, O, Babatunde, M., & Babatunde, A. (2016). Assessment of energy consumption and carbon footprint from the hotel sector within Lagos, Nigeria, Energy and Buildings, 118, 106–113

Peters, G. P., Marland, G., Le Quéré, C., Boden, T., Canadell, J. G., & Raupach, M. R. (2012). Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008-2009 global financial crisis. Nature Climate Change2(1), 2-4.

Mitchell, B. (2013). Resource & environmental management. Routledge

Pearce, D., Barbier, E., & Markandya, A. (2013). Sustainable development: economics and environment in the Third World. Routledge.