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Discrimination against women

2,000 words (max 2,500, including references but excluding appendices)
– Collect a manageable set of discourse data that represents discrimination against women.
– Write up a paper that offers a critical discourse analysis of the data using the concepts and principles of CDA (see attached file)
– You need to cite at least three academic references to support your arguments.

You should include the following headings in your paper. Sub-headings may be added where appropriate:
TITLE – Give your project a concise title. For example: Hong Kong in Transition: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Chris Patten’s Speeches. Please do not use a separate cover page.
NAME (in full)

1. INTRODUCTION: briefly state the background, aims, and focus of your study. Because of the word limit, you cannot cover all aspects of a certain topic. For example, you can focus on legitimation strategies only in your analysis, rather than trying to cover as many strategies as possible.
2. LITERATURE REVIEW: this is not just a summary of what you have read, but a critical discussion of the previous studies/concepts/theories that frame your project.
3. CONTEXT AND ANALYTICAL CATEGORIES: describe the type and amount of data you have collected,, the specific analytical categories or concepts of CDA used to analyze the data, and procedure of data analysis.
4. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION: Describe what you have found in the analysis. Explain and interpret your findings in light of both data and theories.
5. CONCLUSION: Summary and implications of the study: How has this project informed the social issue in question? Why is CDA a meaningful framework for understanding the data concerned?
Optional: Appendix (you may include your dataset but this is not necessary if you don’t refer to it in your paper) The appendix will not count towards the word limit.

Formatting Requirements
– Spacing: AT LEAST 1.5 pt
– Margin: AT LEAST 1 inch on all sides
– Font: Cambria or Times New Roman
– Write in paragraphs, not bullet points.
– Citation and Referencing style: APA
– Use section numbers not letters. For example: 1. Introduction, 2. Literature Review, etc.

Some useful references: (feel free to go beyond this list!)
– Bhatia, A. (2006). Critical discourse analysis of political press conferences. Discourse & Society, 17(2), 173-203.
– Van Dijk, T. A. (1993). Principles of critical discourse analysis. Discourse & society, 4(2), 249-283.
– Flowerdew, J. (2004). Identity politics and Hong Kong’s return to Chinese sovereignty: Analysing the discourse of Hong Kong’s first chief executive. Journal of Pragmatics, 36(9), 1551-1578.
– Flowerdew, J. (2008). Critical discourse analysis and strategies of resistance. Advances in discourse studies, 195.
– KhosraviNik, M. (2010). The representation of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in British newspapers: A critical discourse analysis. Journal of language and Politics, 9(1), 1-28.
– Oddo, J. (2011). War legitimation discourse: Representing ‘Us’ and ‘Them’in four US presidential addresses. Discourse & Society, 22(3), 287-314. Teo, P. (2000). Racism in the news: A critical discourse analysis of news reporting in two Australian newspapers. Discourse & society, 11(1), 7-49.
– Chapter 9 of Paltridge, B. (2012). Discourse analysis: An introduction. Bloomsbury Publishing.
– Van Leeuwen, T. (2007). Legitimation in discourse and communication. Discourse & communication, 1(1), 91-112.