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Debate and synthesize the human rights issues with regard to employment in emerging and developing

Debate and synthesize the human rights issues with regard to employment in emerging and developing
countries.
Q3: MUST include the following Information.
* Human Rights and Human Resources
“ Broad international consensus affirms that the human rights stand above political parties, partisan groups
or governments. They do not owe their existence to legislation nor can be eradicated by legislation. They are
rights which respect the interests of all parties to the employment relationship”
Adapted from SPHRE (Society for the Promotion of Human Rights in Employment)
* What is Corporate Social Responsibility?
* Concept of Development
“ Development … perceived as a multi-dimensional process involving the reorganization and reorientation of
the entire economic and social systems. In addition to improvements in income and output, it typically
involves radical changes in institutional, social and administrative structures as well as in popular attitudes,
and in many cases even customs and beliefs”
Todaro (1989:62)
* Measuring Development
Per Capita GDP
Per capita GDP is a measurement of a nation’s GDP divided by its total population.
Energy Consumption
How much energy a nation consumes depends on its level of industrialization, or the extensive organization
of the economy for the purpose of manufacture.
Labor Force
If a nation’s labor force is mostly devoted to subsistence agriculture, or raising enough food to feed only
their families, there are fewer workers available for industry.
Consumer Goods
The quantity of consumer goods a nation produces per capita can also indicate its level of development.
* Characteristics of Developed Nations
Developed nations have high per capita GDPs, and a majority of their populations are neither very rich nor
very poor.
Developed nations have high levels of agricultural output, but relatively few people work on farms. Most of
the labor force work in industry and services.
Developed nations have solid infrastructure. Infrastructure is the services and facilities necessary for an
economy to function.
* Modernization
The societies were to go through stages of economic development. The stages of economic growth
transformed the society from traditional, which is rural based, with low level of urbanization and
industrialization to those, which are urban, based, with a high level of urbanization and industrialization.
Modernization theory was seen as total transformations of a traditional or a pre-modern society into
societies, which characterized advanced, economically prosperous and politically stable nations of the West.
Modernization was synonymous with westernisation. Western good, western values western ideas and
western technology was assumed to be desirable and to be achieved in the developing countries

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