Call/WhatsApp: +1 914 416 5343

Cyber Volunteers

Prepare a 300-word Group discussion post in response to the following: Under Rule 6.9, the authors of the Tallinn Manual indicate that “States have reportedly called upon private citizens to conduct cyber operations against other States or targets abroad (in a sense, ‘cyber volunteers’. Additionally, under Rule 25.3, “…a civilian who directly participates in hostilities loses certain protections attendant to civilian states for such time as he or she so participates.” What potential actions can a targeted State take against a civilian cyber volunteer?