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criminal justice in Inter-agency coordination

The issue of criminal justice in inter-agency coordination has remained evident in the 21st century, post 9/11 threat environment requires elevated levels of coordination across the inter-agency, bringing in .

What areas offer the most opportunity to build collective action and increased inter-agency coordination?

What are the most significant barriers or hurdles to making major strides forward in multi-agency and whole of government inter-agency coordination?

How might you leverage the unique capabilities of the private industry to benefit the inter-agency coordination process?

What changes or incentives would be needed to increase their involvement?

Collective action and increased inter-agency coordination

The possible conflicts within an organization have instigated the need for constant inter-agency coordination and the human activities and relations within an organization. Legislation have been enforced to ensure that a good inter-agency coordination and a suitable relationship either between the workers and the employers or among the workers, through regulations of the acts of individual. Contract, criminal and tort laws are some of the regulations put in place by most government in inter-agency coordination (Zhao & Zhang, 2010). While exploring the difference between the three forms of law, the current paper gives illustrative examples to adequately understand the difference between the two laws. The paper also details how the legislation have influenced and shaped other legislation and laws focused on the management of human resources and the individual relationships formed at the various levels of the organization.

Barriers in inter-agency  coordination 

In an inter-agency coordination each party has an obligation to meet and respect the terms of the contract. Once the contract is sealed, both parties are obliged to the legal relations created during its formation. A breach of the inter-agency coordination is reported when either of the parties goes against the legal terms that were set at the inception of the contract. According to Schwartz & Scott (2003) the extent of liability of the defendant in case of a breach is however subject to a court decision. For instance, in a case where one party was contracted to deliver a machine and failed to do so within the stipulated time. As a result the other party made loses due to the time lose. When the claimant reported for a breach of contract, the judge did not found the defendant culpable. For a breach of inter-agency coordination to occur, it must be ascertained that a normal breach of the terms of work have been broken and that the reason for breaking the rules could have been avoided. Otherwise, the defendant is only liable for damages that could have been avoided by sticking to the rules of the contract.

Leveraging the private capabilities of private industries to benefit from the inter-agency coordination process 

The major difference between criminal, tort and contract law is that nature of the initiator of the probable breach, the kind of court that handle cases related to such laws and the threshold for founding culpability and labeling the accused as guilty. In an inter-agency coordination process, the government is the main initiator of the problem and will be involved in the case to ensure that the compliant receives a legal redress while the defendant pays of the unwarranted act. The court is however, required to prove beyond reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty before imposing any punishment. On the other hand, cases involving inter-agency coordination are initiated by individuals and not the government. The complaint in a case of tort of negligence is obligated by the government to seek for justice and damages from the defendant. The accused and plaintiff are required to resolve their issues at a civil court different from the criminal court used in the case of a criminal offense. Contrary to the criminal law where defendants are required to prove beyond reasonable doubt that they are not guilty, in the case arising from inter-agency coordination the defendant will only be found liable if he/she infiltrated or caused damages to the complainant.

Contract law is different from the other two forms of laws. As discussed above, the contract law can be differentiated from the tort law of negligence based on the nature of the relationship observed between the parties, the forms of liability and the nature of damages awarded to the complainant. While the contract law can be distinguished between the contract and the criminal laws, the two laws also complements each other in the fight of unwarranted behavior in a society. For instance, a breach of a contract can result in the case being managed from the perspective of a breach of contract and also as a criminal case.