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Creating and Leading Effective Teams

Review the Harvard Business School reprint, Leading Teams. Consider the criteria for successful teams and the factors needed to ensure teams are structured for success.

Create a plan (750-1,000 words) describing the steps necessary to create more successful teams at various levels within your organization. Include the following in the plan:

Define the characteristics and structure of successful teams within your organization. How are independent teams vital to the success of your organization?

  1. What are important factors to consider when leading teams within the various levels of the organization?
  2. What factors are important to consider when leading teams at the executive level?
  3. What aspects are essential in identifying appropriate members for teams and ensuring the teams are successfully launched?
  4. What factors are important to ongoing team dynamics? Describe guidelines to evaluate the function and productivity of teams.
  5. Compassion is a significant attribute of many religions and philosophies, including a Christian worldview, as well as being important for both authentic and servant leadership. As a leader, how would you empower your teams through compassion to honor diversity and support equality for all members as they work toward a common goal?

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

Shan, Keller, and Joseph (2019) contend that one potential reason for the low status of women in modern organizations is the lack of effective negotiation skills. Weak negotiation performance among women have been shown to contribute to women’s lower status in contemporary organizations. With this in mind, Shan, Keller and Joseph (2019) sought to examine how negotiation performance differs between different genders and culture. The scholars conducted an electronic research on major online databases to identify articles on the impact of gender and culture on negotiation skills of both men and women. During the search they focused on GLOBE cultural practices, as well as, Hofstede cultural and Schwartz cultural value orientations to examine the effect of gender on negotiation skills.  In total, Shan, Keller, and Joseph (2019) reviewed 185 articles on gender negotiation skills and performance across 30 societies. Shan, Keller, and Joseph (2019) found that women had inferior performance as compared to men in societies that emphasized agency over communalism. In contrast, societies that emphasized communalism over self-interests, women performed better in negotiations as compared to men. Summarily, the found that women performed better in negotiations than men in societies with higher levels of harmony, lower assertive practices, higher communalism and lower individualism.

The article is quite informative on how negotiation skills and performance differ in different genders in different cultures. While the general notion has been that women are generally poor negotiators, which contributes to their low status in contemporary forms, the study provides first hand evidence that this is not the case, as negotiation skills of the different genders performs different in different cultures. One possible explanation is that cultural values and practices support specific negotiation skills. For example, in cultures with high individualism, men perform better than women when negotiating. This might explain why in individualistic cultures, such as Britain, American and Western worlds, men tend to dominate higher status in organizations. Yet, the article does not explain why despite the higher performance of women in collectivist and communalist society, women do not hold higher status in organizations. While social conditioning does impact negotiation performance, the article does not provide evidence on why despite the differences in negotiation performance does not impact women status in communalist and collectivist societies, as both individualistic and collectivist societies tend to have similar levels of gender inequality. One possible explanation is that there are other factors beyond the cultural values explored in the article that explain power relations in societies with differing cultural values and practices.

The article explores two topic learnt from the course, diversity and culture, and negotiation. By integrating GLOBE cultural practices, and Hofstede cultural values, as well as, Schwartz cultural value orientations, the article is able to integrate diversity and culture into the discussion of gender diversity and status of women in contemporary societies. Further, the authors explore how cultural values and practices determine women status in modern organizations. In the context of negotiations, Shan, Keller, and Joseph (2019) explore the role of culture in negotiation performance, focusing on how cultural values determine how different genders perform during negotiation. Summarily, the article provides evidence on the impact of culture on negotiation performance in different genders. While the article is informative on how cultural practices and values affect gender performance during negotiations, it fails to take into account regional variations in cultural values and practices and how they affect such performance.




Shan, W., Keller, J., & Joseph, D. (2019). Gender Differences in Negotiation Across Cultures Are Men Better Negotiators Everywhere? A Meta Analysis of How Gender Differences in Negotiation Performance Vary Across Cultures. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 0(0), 1-45.