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Colonialism

Colonialism

How has colonialism affected the way that international relations has traditionally been studied in terms of theory, power, and discourse? Then explain the role that colonialism played in creating the modern political landscape in either the Middle East or South Asia (India-Pakistan).

Be sure to explain the following in your response:

the impacts of colonialism on the Global North and the Global South.
Orientalism and Eurocentrism’s impact on the dominant theories in IR and the conventional understanding of power in the global system.

Colonization has impacted many places from the Global South drastically even with self-sufficiency and detachment looking at the colonizer. It seems that the symbiotic relationship between colonizers and colonies in the past was somewhat of a parasitic relationship, where, only one party really benefited. Resources, both natural and human, were strategical sucked out of the South and into the North, with the South gaining little benefit; unfair trade-off. Resources, the two all-natural and individual, had been strategical drawn from the South and in to the North, together with the South achieving tiny advantage unjust buy and sell-away from. Although some want to reason why colonization is finished and finished with, it will be the fact the legacy of colonization continues to affect the family and international plans of such ex-colonial countries around the world. As stated in our readings, it seems like the Global South is just beginning to ‘play catch up’ for the 500 years in which they were colonized; unfair play isn’t it? I too have experienced this first hand having come from a country that is bracketed within the ‘Global South’. I have seen the effects of this relationship on my country and government today. The readings also highlighted Indian and African nations which are facing the same harsh realities. In the New World Caribbean, specifically Jamaica, independence (the end of colonization) was brought about through serious means of resistance and force. This brought about instability for the nation as a whole, and this remained for quite some time after independence. There were many rebellions which took place which affected the political government as they could not maintain reasonable economic and social conditions. Because of this, the country developed a dependency on their ex-colonizer the British, and soon the United States, to combat these issues.

The Overseas South is surely an interdisciplinary log that concentrates on how world literatures and nations respond to globalization, specifically how professionals, authors, and pundits response to troubles from the placing, poverty, immigration, gender, competition, hybridity, ethnic development and transformation, colonialism and postcolonialism, modernity and postmodernity, transatlantic experiences, houses, and diasporas, and resistance and countertop discourse, and the like, beneath the superordinate umbrella of globalization. The Global South is distributed only electronically. Single print issues are available on demand by contacting IU Press customer service.

One of the main focuses of the newly formed government was to establish foreign investments. To obtain economic resources, the government accepted American institutions and ideas and obtained these resources through multi-nationals, international financial institutions, and/or bilateral relations with Western developed countries. When the country faced significant debts after the draining of their resources, they had to turn to these institutions for help which signifies their dependence and underlying ‘allegiance’ on the Global North nations in the United Nations. One relation which still lasts in the country is its dependence on the International Monetary Fund to keep the economy alive. One of the international policies that serves as a negative effect on Jamaica is that the IMF can now enforce laws on the country that might involve them cutting down on providing essential social services and prioritizing the payment of debt. These international policies include restriction of trade, spending cuts and harsh requirements in order to obtain loans (“Neocolonialism in Jamaica: History, practices, and resistance”, 2002).

There were also internal policies in Jamaica that were affected by the British ruling. The education system remained strictly British to this day as that was what was enforced by the Queen in the past. There also still lies the fact that the country still has to have a governor general which is an individual that represents the Queen or monarch. This is somewhat detrimental to the country as even though Britain does not support the country in any significant way, they are required to have this office filled and this representative has to be paid from the country’s taxes, which further adds to Jamaica’s debt (“Neocolonialism in Jamaica: History, practices, and resistance”, 2002). In India, the British colonists provided many positive effects after colonization for the nation such as education and infrastructure. However, the country’s economy and industries were left in ruins. They once again developed a dependency on their ex-colonizer as Britain was extremely in control of their trade and businesses. They were almost entirely dependent on Britain’s imported goods as they were much cheaper than the goods they could provide for their own country. It was even worse on their part as they could only import goods from Britain and nowhere else. British rule also applied harsh taxes to the nation which is one of the reason they are now under developed. However, amidst these negative effects, because of Britain’s past tie as their colonizer, India has developed a centralized government and police force based on the ideals and standards of the British. (“Lingering effects of British Colonization on India in creating the Third World”, 2015) (“Negative and Positive Effects of Imperialism on India”, 2017) We also know that colonization affected African countries significantly as well. One of the major international policies that emerged from this is their dependence on Britain for trade and manufacturing. Because of the lack of infrastructure that the country was left with, they could not process goods themselves even though they produced them, and so was very dependent on trade and imports.

They were also dependent on Britain for energy as they did not have the refineries needed to process their crude oil, even though they had the natural resource. After the end of colonization, the British also left the African states in an uproar about their borders. They had to eventually introduce policies of inviolable borders which meant that they would not try to redraw Africa’s political map in order to avoid disruption. Disruption due to decolonization however could not be avoided as there was somewhat of a push-pull between US and the USSR to establish relations. This was most evident during the Cold War which left the country in weak economic and political stability. (“Legacies of colonialism in Africa.

To summarize, we can realize that the impacts of colonization will still be obvious in countries of the Global South. It appears to be that most their decisions mainly because it worries market and government are incredibly dependent on their ex-colonizers. In an effort to play ‘catch up’ it will be very hard to totally cut off from these power relationships because the nations have been left in a quite deplorable state which inevitably leads to dependency.

The Overseas South is surely an interdisciplinary log that concentrates on how world literatures and nations respond to globalization, specifically how professionals, authors, and pundits response to troubles from the placing, poverty, immigration, gender, competition, hybridity, ethnic development and transformation, colonialism and postcolonialism, modernity and postmodernity, transatlantic experiences, houses, and diasporas, and resistance and countertop discourse, and the like, beneath the superordinate umbrella of globalization. The Global South is distributed only electronically. Single print issues are available on demand by contacting IU Press customer service.