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Civil Right Movement: documentary analysis

Civil Right Movement: documentary analysis


1. Watch the documentary

2. Write a 1.5 – 2 page response on 3 of the 5 questions listed below. Paper should be double spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font, 1 inch margins.

Answers need to be well thought out in order to receive full credit. Incomplete answers will result in zero points. Make sure you answer all parts of each question, including providing specific examples from the documentary.

The credit will be applied to your final grade at the end of the semester after the final exam is completed.

You must pick 3 out of the 5 questions to answer.


How does the rise of crime rates intersect with the rise of the Civil Rights Movement? How does institutionalized racism influence this intersection? Give specific examples.

Who are the Black Panthers and what do they represent to both black people and white political authorities in power (give specific examples)? How does Angela Davis impact this movement?
How was the “War on Drugs” culturally constructed under Nixon, Reagan, and Clinton? Provide specific examples from the documentary showing how each administration built upon the “war strategy.
How did the “War on Drugs” impact the U.S. prison population? Make sure to address in your answer: Three Strike Laws, Mandatory Minimums, and Truth in Sentencing.

What is ALEC and why is it framed as being so problematic? Give specific examples from the documentary (at least 2) and explain them. Make sure you address how ALEC perpetuates the narrative of criminality and influences political legislation.

The Civil Privileges Movement[b] in the states was really a ages-long promotion by African Americans along with their like-minded allies to finish institutionalized racial discrimination, disenfranchisement and racial segregation in the states. The activity has its own roots in the Reconstruction age in the delayed 1800s, although it made its biggest legislative profits within the mid-1960s after many years of primary activities and grassroots protests. The social movement’s key nonviolent amount of resistance and civil disobedience promotions eventually guaranteed new protections in national rules for the human being rights of all American citizens.

Following the American Civil Warfare along with the following abolition of slavery from the 1860s, the Reconstruction Amendments to the United States Constitution granted emancipation and constitutional proper rights of citizenship for all African American citizens, almost all of whom got recently been enslaved. For a short moment of time, African American gentlemen voted and organised politics office, nevertheless they have been increasingly deprived of civil legal rights, typically under the so-called Jim Crow legal guidelines, and African Americans had been exposed to discrimination and continual violence by white-colored supremacists in the South. Over the subsequent century, a variety of endeavours have been produced by African Americans to protected their authorized and civil rights. In 1954, the independent but equal coverage, which helped the enforcement of Jim Crow regulations, was substantially fragile and ultimately dismantled with america Supreme Court’s Brownish v. Table of Education and learning ruling and also other succeeding rulings which followed.[1] Between 1955 and 1968, nonviolent size protests and civil disobedience produced problems circumstances and effective dialogues between activists and government authorities. Federal government, status, and local authorities, organizations, and residential areas often had to immediately reply to these situations, which outlined the inequities encountered by African Americans country wide. The lynching of Chicago youngster Emmett Till in Mississippi, and also the outrage produced by experiencing how he ended up being misused when his mom made the decision to have available-casket burial, galvanized the African-American local community nationwide.[2] Sorts of protest or civil disobedience included boycotts, like the productive Montgomery tour bus boycott (1955–56) in Alabama, “sit-ins” like the Greensboro stay-ins (1960) in N . C . and successful Nashville stay-ins in Tennessee, bulk marches, like the 1963 Children’s Crusade in Birmingham and 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama, and a wide range of other nonviolent activities and resistance.

In the culmination of your legal method sought by African American citizens, the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954 within the authority of Earl Warren struck down lots of the laws which had made it possible for racial segregation and discrimination being legitimate in the United States as unconstitutional.[3][4][5][6] The Warren The courtroom produced a number of landmark rulings against racist discrimination, including Brown v. Table of Schooling (1954), Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964), and Caring v. Virginia (1967) which prohibited segregation in public areas schools and open public lodging, and smacked down all status legal guidelines prohibiting interracial marital life.[7][8][9] The rulings also enjoyed an important role in getting a conclusion towards the segregationist Jim Crow laws prevalent inside the The southern part of suggests.[10] From the 1960s, moderates from the motion worked with the us Congress to obtain the passageway of numerous considerable items of federal laws that overturned discriminatory regulations and methods and authorized oversight and enforcement by the government. The Civil Legal rights Act of 1964,[11] that was upheld with the Supreme Courtroom in Cardiovascular system of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964), clearly suspended all discrimination based on competition, coloration, faith, sexual intercourse, or federal source in work techniques, finished unequal application of voter registration requirements, and forbidden racial segregation in schools, on the place of work, as well as in general public lodging. The Voting Rights Take action of 1965 restored and protected voting privileges for minorities by authorizing federal oversight of sign up and elections in areas with historical under-representation of minorities as voters. The Acceptable Homes Take action of 1968 blocked discrimination in the purchase or lease of housing.

African Americans re-came into national politics from the South, and young people country wide have been inspired to act. From 1964 through 1970, a wave of internal-metropolis riots and protests in dark communities dampened assistance through the bright white middle class, but increased assistance from personal foundations.[12] The introduction from the Dark Strength movement, which survived from 1965 to 1975, challenged the recognized black colored management due to its cooperative frame of mind as well as its frequent exercise of legalism and non-violence. Instead, its managers desired that, in addition to the new legal guidelines acquired throughout the nonviolent activity, governmental and economic self-sufficiency would have to be developed in the black color community. Help for that Black color Energy movements has come from African Americans who had seen little materials enhancement since the Civil Legal rights Movement’s peak from the middle-1960s, and who still encountered discrimination in tasks, real estate, schooling and nation-wide politics. Many popular representations of the civil rights movement are concentrated on the charismatic control and philosophy of Martin Luther Ruler Jr., who won the 1964 Nobel Serenity Prize for combatting racial inequality through nonviolent opposition. Even so, some scholars keep in mind that the movements was too varied to become attributed to your particular person, organization, or approach.[13] Ahead of the American Civil War, virtually four million blacks had been enslaved from the South, only white colored guys with residence could vote, as well as the Naturalization Act of 1790 only given U.S. citizenship to whites.[14][15][16] Pursuing the Civil Conflict, 3 constitutional amendments have been approved, including the 13th Amendment (1865) that ended slavery the 14th Amendment (1869) that presented dark men and women citizenship, incorporating their total human population of four million towards the recognized population of the southern area of claims for Congressional apportionment as well as the 15th Amendment (1870) that gave black guys the legal right to vote (only men could vote inside the U.S. at the time).[17] From 1865 to 1877, the us undergone a turbulent Reconstruction Period during which the federal government made an effort to create cost-free labour along with the civil privileges of freedmen inside the South following the stop of slavery. Numerous whites resisted the social alterations, leading to the formation of insurgent movements like the Ku Klux Klan, whoever people assaulted black and white Republicans to be able to preserve white-colored supremacy. In 1871, Leader Ulysses S. Grant, the U.S. Army, and U.S. Attorney General Amos T. Akerman, began a promotion to repress the KKK underneath the Enforcement Works.[18] Some claims have been hesitant to impose the federal procedures in the take action. Additionally, with the earlier 1870s, other bright white supremacist and insurgent paramilitary organizations arose that violently opposed African-American legal equality and suffrage, overwhelming and controlling dark voters, and assassinating Republican officeholders.[19][20] However, in case the says did not implement the functions, the legal guidelines made it possible for the government to get involved.[20] Several Republican governors were actually fearful of sending black militia troops to battle the Klan for the fear of warfare.[20]

Disenfranchisement adhering to Reconstruction Primary compose-up: Disenfranchisement following the Reconstruction Time Additional information: Jim Crow legal guidelines, Civil proper rights process (1865–1896), and Civil authorized proper rights process (1896–1954) After the disputed assortment of 1876, which guide eventually of Reconstruction as well as the withdrawal of government troops, whites inside the South regained government control of the region’s convey legislatures. They continued to frighten and violently assault blacks before and during elections to hold back their voting, although the final African Americans were elected to Congress from your South before disenfranchisement of blacks by suggests throughout the region, as detailed below.

The mob-style lynching of Will David, Cairo, Illinois, 1909 From 1890 to 1908, the southern part of suggests passed new constitutions and legal guidelines to disenfranchise African Americans and several poor whites by creating limitations to voter enrollment voting rolls have been dramatically reduced as blacks and inadequate whites were actually forced from electoral nation-wide politics. Once the landmark Superior Judge scenario of Smith v. Allwright (1944), which prohibited white-colored primaries, development was made in raising black colored governmental participation in the Edge Southern and Acadiana – although almost entirely in city areas[21] plus some outlying localities where most blacks did the trick outside plantations.[22] The standing quo ante of not including African Americans from your politics process lasted within the remainder of your Southern, specially North Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, till federal civil privileges legal guidelines was passed in the middle-1960s to offer federal government enforcement of constitutional voting legal rights. In excess of sixty yrs, blacks from the South have been essentially excluded from nation-wide politics, incapable of elect anyone to represent their passions in Congress or local authorities.[20] Simply because they could not vote, they can not provide on neighborhood juries.