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Childhood Obesity

One of the challenges affecting the health sector is childhood obesity. The prevalence of this disorder has rapidly increased over the past decade thus considered as a significant health problem (Kit, Ogden, & Flegal, 2014). The primary cause of obesity is the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure (Kit, Ogden, & Flegal, 2014). Various factors influence energy intake such as quantity and quality of foods consumed whereas physical activity affects the energy expenditure. Obesity exposes children to numerous non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, asthma, and type 2 diabetes (Kit, Ogden, & Flegal, 2014). Furthermore, obesity not only imposes a physical burden in children but also has a negative impact on their emotional development and social wellbeing. Therefore, the following PICOT statement evaluates childhood obesity in society.
Among children with obesity (Population), how effective is physical activities and exercise (Intervention) compared to proper nutrition (Comparison) in controlling childhood obesity (Outcome) during the recovery period to retain the normal body weight (Time)?

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