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Biography of the poet Homer

Write a biography of Homer, including the historical context and lives of the poet

The idea that people live in a different world from the one a supreme being(s)–God–intended for human beings to inhabit dominates the literary movements. From the Ancient Hebrew authors who assumed that they only occupy a fallen world because of Adam and Eve’s disobedience to the Greco-Romans who blamed it on their unwillingness to worships their gods, and the Late Renaissance pagan poets like Leornado Bruni who would be against such fundamentalist ideologies; most publications are influenced by this obsession over the purpose of human life (McAllister, n.d., p. 95). Deep down, the authors were grappling with fears about social evil, death, loneliness, aging, disease–an existential crisis if you will. Overall, the early literary movements acknowledged allegiance to extant supreme beings and taught ideals that correlated with Christian doctrines while the Last Rennainance era saw the ubiquity of humanist, philosophical ideologies among pagan authors. The major thrust of this manuscript focuses on the period between Ancient Hebrew and Late Renaissance publications.

An overarching strategy explored in Ancient Hebrew Literature is the use of literary techniques to convey ethical ideals from an all-knowing God instead of direct narratives–and they are laden with experiential, as well as propositional truths. Ancient Hebrews were monotheists who believed that the universe and everything in it are God’s perfect works of art, and their purpose was to achieve perfection by following the creator’s rules (Genesis 1:17, New King James Version). However, most laws were communicated using allegories and other literary devices (McAllister, n.d., p. 3). The book of Genesis, for example, uses the narrative of Adam and Eve to demonstrate the consequences of failure to live up to God’s expectations­, and the violence that Noah helped end shows that Ancient Hebrews embraced the concept of social order (McAllister, n.d., p. 105). This hierarchy, if disobeyed, would attract the wrath of judges, kings, patriarchs, and any immortal in whom the Hebrews believed.

Unlike the all-knowing Ancient Hebrew God, Ancient Greek tragedies assert that though gods are immortal, they are neither omniscient, omnipresent, omnipotent, nor all-benevolent. For example, the polytheistic Ancient Greeks assumed that Cronus reigned during the Golden Age when human beings were allowed to dwell among immortals, while Zeus ruled over the Silver Age (Puchner et al., 2014, p. 38). When Zeus was displeased by the people’s unwillingness to worship the gods, he destroyed them. Similar to the Hebrews, Ancient Greeks fantasize about an epoch during which everything was perfect, but human disobedience led to the disruption of this ideal balance (McAllister, n.d., p. 24). Conversely, Greeks were confident that their gods usurped power from their parents Cronos and Rhea, and could not use it to be in more than a single location simultaneously (McAllister, n.d., p. 24). An analysis of Sophocle’s Oedipus Rex also reveals that the people lacked absolute faith in the divinity.

Though most Ancient Greek and Hebrew literature fixated on immortal beings, Roman authors paid more attention to heroic deeds. Other than inheriting most Greek mythological assumptions, Roman literature is also rife with legendary narratives about virtues that plaid a vital role in communal living (Puchner et al., 2014, p. 44). Homer, case in point, uses the main character in The Iliad to teach the Romans about the importance of anger management (McAllister, n.d., 11). If Achilles had not let his rage (due to the loss of Briseis) take control over his rational decisions, he would have continued fighting for the Greeks and his friend would never have died while masquerading as him (Heslin, 2016, p. 17). Thus, Romans learned about the importance of calmness, and that anger does not positively contribute to wellbeing. The authors used heroes to promote admirable qualities to their audiences.

Early Christian literature worldviews significantly borrow Ancient Hebrew ideologies. Apart from acknowledging beliefs like monotheism and the need to obey an extant supreme being, early Christian Publications also avows of most Old Testament philosophies and laws (Clay, 2018, p. 29). For example, in the book of Mathew, Jesus, viewed as a prominent philosopher, confesses that he did not come to earth to rebuke OT ideologies; rather, he came to realize them (McAllister, n.d., 75). Additionally, Jesus is perceived as the ultimate sacrifice that could offset the damage that Adam and Eve’s original sin wrought on humankind (McAllister, n.d., 76). Just like Ancient Hebrew literature, early Christian publications also rely on literary devices to convey ethical ideals. For example, Jesus was famous for his use of parables to encourage listeners to concentrate on the influence of inner thought processes over physical action.