Australian Healthcare Structure

Healthcare systems all over the world operate with different strategies, management and plans amongst other methodologies used. It is vital to critically analyze the methodologies in cases of visitors especially from different countries outside the country. The healthcare department is one with greater responsibilities that need trained personalities and quality equipment for the management and effective diagnosis, performance and delivery. This paper will discuss an evaluation on the healthcare system in Australia, an explanation on the structural system of the department, important factors that have influenced the design and its function and finally the identification of the current predicaments befalling the Australian healthcare system.

            Approximations of 200 states are all over the world and the main aim on the healthcare department is to ensure three main strategies set for them are delivered. These include the responsibility of maintaining and keeping each individual on healthy routines, helping patients by prescribing the right diagnosis during the treatment process, and finally protection of individuals and especially families from suffering a medical bill due to financial instability. . The systems followed by healthcare providers and different managements in various countries lead to a successful healthcare system effective and reliable for the respective citizens. Models and elements implemented to help with the productivity of the department is deterministic of the success in the industry, technology has provided a platform to modify the tools so that they are simpler but faster to use during treatments.

            Population in Australia can be compared to that of Europe and about 79% of people residing in urban areas. The rest of the region is larger due to the 21% unoccupied population from the rural areas. Australia is ranked among one of the best countries that offer quality, affordable and innovative healthcare systems. It is known to provide the right diagnosis by following all the rules required for the standardized healthcare system. This is important in any country that targets health as a priority and the citizens as people who have the right to access affordable healthcare that is quality.

            The Department of Healthcare specializing in Ageing ensures that the quality of health services presented to the patients, both in and out patient is available round the clock.  The commonwealth sector categorically offers services such as the society and ageing care, sponsorship on funds programs, the disability initiatives, both families and their offspring, in cases of emergency there are availability of services upon notification. Commonwealth is responsible for the management of the finances and leadership which mainly contributes to the improvement of the quality services ( Pirota et al, 2010). The government at a local level contributes to the department of hygiene and ensuring availability of quality and pure water. This is an essential part especially for an individual. Water helps in avoidance of cases of dehydration and weak body systems. There are individuals who have been admitted in the hospitals due to lack of water in their systems, and this turns out to be costly. The locals are highly encouraged to increase on the intake of water. This department serves both private and public sectors ensuring a systematic way of observing hygiene. It is therefore funded by the Government of Australia to ensure a basic duty of contributing to the wider national acts, rules and sponsorship. It also ensures that the national and territory regional governments have a target of delivering and offering services  in the event of managing public facilities and facilitating a transformed action in creating rapport with the providers of services of health importantly maintenance of the private sectors and the rules of professionalism in the industry.

            The health minister is eligible for administration and implementation of the rules and regulations guarding the department. The rest of the factors are taken care of by the government. A transformation on funding of the public health cover in Australia transpired and it is referred to as the Medicare services. This was founded over thirty five years ago and it is responsible to ensuring quality health care services at an affordable rates. This system is common on the private sector institutions. The funding of Medicare is highly dependant on the 1.2% taxation fee and the rest of the bill has its provision from the central government who withdraws some of the basic revenues to cater for it.  The levy taxation is added to the individuals with higher pays approximately 15 of their earnings exclusive of the healthcare sector in the private formation( Barnett et al, 2012). An overview f additional prescription in the pharmacy is outlined and becomes inclusive as the privileges and bonuses of the healthcare sectors.

            The strategy of funding this healthcare department has been centralized to becoming a political issue as the governments vitally intervene on the departments of health and ensuring the policies implemented are well practiced and are efficient for everyone. A survey conducted between 2005 and 2006 indicate that the Australian healthcare department had scarcity in doctors with a doctor in each group of 322 people reportedly trained (Shearer et al, 2011). This was a crucial indication that the healthcare sector was deteriorating and an analytical view would save up on the success of the system. A demographical practice conducted in 2011 indicate that there are over 70, 000 individuals practicing the medical healthcare providers and the number of nurses estimated to be 256, 300, who were recorded and reportedly went to work and offered their daily services. Australian life expectancy rate is higher and third all over the world as indicated in the recent survey conducted in 2013 ( Baghbanian et al, 2012). The percentage increases as years elapse. An example is in 2005 where the rate was at 76years for males and 82 years for females. The rates conducted for birth and death indicated a rate of 12 and 6 respectively for every 1000 individual. A mortality level was 5.4 for every 1000 cases of birth. In 2002, estimation of 2.3 people and below were not keeping fit and observing the healthy tips and lifestyle.

            Australian highly an income generation and production rate ranks it as one of the best world wide. This would me that the healthcare sector is prioritized and established with the current equipments for a quality outcome. Healthcare system in the country is national and the federal government caters for a larger portion of the bills in the department. The governments majors in the public hospitals and here are calculations backing the rates up to ensure the funds are well sent and each penny accounted for. The percentages covered in the department are 100 for the inpatient services; the overall practitioner is 74 and finally 865 of the specialized services. This condition also applies in the event of receiving the any privileges or guarantees (Swayne et al, 2012). The percentage depends on whether the patient meets the specification for other subsided offers in terms of service deliveries. In the incident the federal government pays a larger portion, the patient will cater for the remaining amount which is refereed to as the back up payment in other countries. This can happen in normal cases, however, should the provider use wider billing system, this does not apply. Whenever there are no coverage’s of the ambulance and other emergency issues transport, the patient is responsible for the payment of the full amount. In cases where patients are incapable of paying this amount and holding a card for their low income rates earning, they are facilitated with subsidized privileges and responsibilities.

            People are permitted and encouraged to use other health insurance services that cover for private issues not accounted for in the normal health insurance cover, which amounts to a complete health cover insurance. Practically, an individual holding the private insurance card may still have the payments that were not catered for left, since most of the services offered in the developed hospitals and private departments are costly and would demand for more payments apart from the insurance cover. The Australian government suggests to the citizens with higher income earnings to insure in case of a misfortune (Murphy, 2014). This process goes through a fee of 1% of the salaries of these individuals in an event they do not get rid of the private insurance stated. The whole method is to encourage the citizens with the capability of paying up the private cover, not to settle for the public one. As mentioned in the above study, Medicare is responsible for offering programs that cater for all the insurance cover. Medicare cover deals with the salaries of nurses and doctors to ensure quality delivery of services. The benefits for the prescription of drugs would depend on the social status of the patients rated on the earnings.

            There are immunization strategies implemented d by the government to offer free immunizations programs. The Australian boundaries are guarded for an effective assurance of a stabilized health system with no infection from people or the goods getting into the country. Australia has an institute that is responsible for publication of health tips and strategies in the current world which will help with the sensitization of the citizens and avoid the transmission of infections (Linn et al, 2011). The organization ensures they publish any knowledge especially from the current world scenarios that will help with the welfare issues and wellness of the citizens. In the Australian state, they have a responsibility to ensure smooth management of the public hospitals to provide quality services. There are interventions and strategies on the programs concerning health set to help in curbing situations such as cancer amongst other chronic infections. The recent plan was the initiation of the breast cancer centre to promote a cancer free country.

            The system in the Australian healthcare also has a non governmental strategy and programs that are on going, this include the implementations of the red cross in the country to facilitate for emergency occurrences, the organization assist in the donation of the blood which is kept in the blood bank to help reduce cases of blood shortage in the country as well (Kerr, 2012). All these systems have been implemented by the Australian government and work efficiently to promote and ensure quality management of the skilled personnel; and deliver services that will benefit the citizens and help them in sensitizing the next generation from the infections among other medical issues. There are setbacks in the healthcare department, which has promoted laxity and bad reputation in the sector, the challenges dealt with might be normal but are particularly focused on the country’s predicaments.

            Australia experiences shortage of medical personnel to help in delivering and reaching the targeted people for the right diagnosis. As observed and indicated in the study carried out in2012 by the healthcare workforce in the country, there are 2,959 doctors still needed to give a hand in the services and over 75,00 nurses not available especially during emergency cases. The challenges that come with the discovery on the chronic infection hinder the government from achieving the vision set for the country, there are more funds required to plan for the future availability of the resources required t manage and prevent the chronic infections. The ageing generation in Australia is a major challenge as there is more to be done to make them be comfortable and access proper medical services for an effective outcome the life expectancy is an average of 10 more years, which sums up to 75 years of age. As such, this would be accompanied by other long term illnesses such as cancer that are still not controlled and managed in the right way.

            The interventions on the cost incurred to implement the new technological strategy are an issue in the healthcare system of the country. The radiological and biological scanners are often at a considerable price which unfortunately, the country is still not in a position to comfortable purchase (Dwyer, 2010). The accessibility of new surgical devices is not recorded in Australia and this increase the higher chances of death toll as there are not reliable and convenient strategies used especially in the theater room. The expensive drugs that help in the cure of cancer and its management and control are still unavailable increasing risks of higher chronic infections which lead to other issues that would have been prevented from the start.

            There is will for the doctors amongst the health workers to extend on their work force but this is disabled due to the age factor. The individuals have a challenging in considering the work force or family first and this is a tragedy that befalls the country in cases of emergencies like accidents where no extra health worker is guaranteed to show up. The issue has resulted into the distribution of the health workers work force as it is being compromised and the analysis partaking such issues should be examined in the critical manner to ensure a stabilized workforce. This is important especially for the next generation and in the maternity wards where there are reported cases of emergencies on a daily basis ( Lowe, 2013).

            There are occurrences in Australia that lead to mistakes in Australia which turn out to be very expensive. An average of $1billion is lost annually due to the errors from the practitioners that would have been reduced if they were keen and good with the observation of each step in the laboratory. Unfortunately, the country has not discovered this error and identified with other industries which are expensive and spend most of the cash on investment. This has led to the economic inflation and deterioration in the country causing inconveniences in the healthcare systems and other departments because of the replacement for the lost money.

            Globalization is a concern and has led to other strategies not being implemented. The new health care acts have been discouraged by the rapid global growth. The increase in population has led to the spread and transmission of infections especially airborne causing crisis in the sector. The pedestrians crossing due to congestion in the country is a challenge as well because of urbanization and interred with the wellness of the individual leading to other lifestyle diseases such as obesity.

            The setbacks faced by the healthcare department in the country can be improved by setting goals which are achievable in a reasonable time line. Consideration on the population growth shuld encourages the government to work harder and develop strategies to help in the implementations of quality rules and regulations to govern the country. Economic set back should be improved by ensuring that people have access to job opportunities and are reliable for the workforce situations to be avoided. The human resource departments in different organization should promote teambuilding program more often for people to feel accepted in their work environments and have an open minded personality to help curb the economic situation in the country. More campaigns and awareness should be created to help people avoid contracting the chronic infections and the wellness spirit  during the company periods. These strategies will create a healthy and wealthy generation and build up on quality management of the healthcare system in country.

Conclusion

            Managing a healthcare system is a challenging task and personnel are required to help with the interventions and other innovation so that each duty is completed. Chronic infections among others have become a challenge in the healthcare system and technological interventions should be promoted and encouraged to help with the facilitation of equipment to maintain good management. Australian healthcare system is a unique and high profiled one that would be ranked top in future if it follows the strategies required for the interventions.

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