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Analysis of the Immigration System in United States

This paper is an analysis of the nature of immigration in the US. Issues on immigrants, immigration laws, Visa processes, and overly the immigration system are analyzed.

Structure of the paper
I Introduction to your topic – why it is important or relevant, provide a roadmap to the paper, identify how the paper will proceed
II Your research/thesis statement – what is it that you find puzzling or interesting or unexpected about your topic. A good research question asks about the relationship between two factors. If you are doing a paper on marijuana legalization for instance – you can choose to explore the relationship between marijuana legalization and decreased policing costs.
III Review of the different positions or viewpoints on the research statement (conservative, liberal etc) What are other scholars or studies saying about this? Not what other scholars are saying about marijuana legalization in general but specifically about the relationship you are exploring. You could first summarize the position of those who say marijuana legalization might decrease policing costs (according to a,b.c etc) and then summarize what the other side is arguing – that it will not decrease policing costs (according to a,b, etc.)
IV Formulate your theory – what do you believe is true about the question you are asking? If you think it will decrease policing costs – how do you support your theory? You could look at case studies and or statistics done in states that have legalized marijuana and look at what effects it has had on policing costs. Or if there is not much that exists, you could look at how legalizing alcohol-reduced policing costs and draw conclusions from that to support your theory.
V Conclusion – recap and try to talk about the broader implications of your research.

The USA Immigration System

The immigration system in the USA is very complex. Apart from the confusion on how the system works, it is marred and governed by a number of laws that further makes the system more complex. According to Ma & Hofmann (2019), immigration laws in the US are based on various principles including the principle of the reunification of families, admission of immigrants with valuable skills to the U.S. economy, protection of refugees, and promotion of diversity. Analysis of the immigration system thus dictates for the evaluation of the various sub-systems of the immigration system.


The law that currently governs the immigration system in the USA is referred to as The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). According to Breslau et al (2009), the INA law enables the United States to offer up to 675,000 permanent immigrant visas every year on various categories of visas. Besides the  675,000 visas, the INA has no limits on the admission of U.S. citizens’ spouses, their parents, or children under the age of 21. Moreover, every year the president is required to make consultations with Congress and agree on the maximum number of refugees to be admitted to the USA (Mapp & Hornung, 2016).

Upon receiving a visa and gaining entry to the USA, an individual becomes a permanent resident of the country. Individuals living in the USA who are not citizens can get citizenship through adjusting their status. The  “adjustment of status” process enables foreign nationals who have permits to work and live in the USA to obtain a permanent resident visa




Ma, G., & Hofmann, E. T. (2019). Population, immigration, and air quality in the USA: a spatial panel study. Population and Environment40(3), 283-302.

Breslau, J., Borges, G., Hagar, Y., Tancredi, D., & Gilman, S. (2009). Immigration to the USA and risk for mood and anxiety disorders: variation by origin and age at immigration. Psychological medicine39(7), 1117-1127.

Mapp, S., & Hornung, E. (2016). Irregular immigration status impacts for children in the USA. Journal of Human Rights and Social Work1(2), 61-70.