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Analysis of the health care delivery in Saudi.

Analysis of the health care delivery in Saudi.

Item1#: Make a SWOT analysis on the health care delivery in Saudi much emphasis in
the primary health care including ( strengths, weakness, opportunities theart ).

Item# 2: Item# 4: Thoroughly discuss the elements of the primary health care delivery system in Saudi Arabia

Item# 3: Thoroughly discuss the quality of the primary health care delivery system in Saudi Arabia

In spite of significant changes from the Saudi Arabian wellness services field previously number of generations, the continent is going through essential challenges in their major medical program. These challenges include increased demand because of rapid population growth, high costs of health care services, inequitable access, concerns about the quality and safety of care, a growing burden of chronic diseases, a less than effective electronic health system (eHealth), poor cooperation and coordination between other sectors of care, and a highly centralized structure (1–5). The government has developed and implemented a number of initiatives which include the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Health 2010–2020 to effectively tackle these challenges (6). These initiatives resulted in the replacement of seven ministers of health in just one year, which indicates the serious administrative and practical difficulties in tackling these challenges in the health care system.

Most assessment documents in Saudi Arabia have focused on hospital-based health-related professional services and also have overlooked principal medical care services, what are the initial point of access to medical from the Saudi Arabian medical care program. The primary health care sector provides essential health care services to Saudi Arabians and to expatriates working in the public sector (7). No reform of the Saudi Arabian health care system can be complete without first considering the primary health care services at the heart of the health care system.

This narrative assessment directed to explore the difficulties facing the Saudi Arabian health care method having a center on main healthcare services. It further discusses and analyses the barriers to and drivers of health sector reforms, including the effect of demographic and economic factors on the health care system. The review also recommends mechanisms for effective reform of primary health care services as the nucleus of overall health care system. Saudi Arabia is a country with a culture and traditions rooted in Islamic teachings and Arab customs (8). Saudi Arabia is a kingdom with an integrated system of government based on the principles of justice, consultation and equality in accordance with Islamic law (9). Therefore, to some extent, the principles of Islam and Saudi Arabian traditions influence the culture of organizations within the country. The centralized tradition of Saudi Arabian society is also embodied in the health care service (10,11). In other words, the structure and functioning of the health care organizations, including primary health care, are strongly influenced by the society’s norms and traditions. Saudi Arabia is a leading oil exporter; oil exports account for almost 69% of the country’s exports (18). According to the World Bank, Saudi Arabia is classified as a high-income country (19). The strong oil-based economy has facilitated the development of local public and private organizations, creating new jobs and raising the socioeconomic status of Saudi Arabian citizens (20). The Saudi Arabian government provides free public services including health care to its population (21). However, the global instability of oil prices in the past few years has affected public and private services and forced the Saudi Arabian Government to explore alternate sources for revenue. The 2030 National Vision for Saudi Arabia seeks long-term sustainability of living standards by diversifying the country’s income sources in the future, rather than relying only on oil revenue.

As outlined by the Alma-Ata declaration, Saudi Arabia has devoted to make its significant health care skilled professional services (24). The Ministry of Health integrated both preventive and basic curative health care services in 1984. These services targeted individuals, families and the community, and provided a range of health care services including maternal and child health, immunization for communicable diseases, follow-up for patients with chronic diseases, dental care services, health education and essential drugs (24,25).

Principal medical care alternatives have increased considerably previously four many years containing resulted in much better health consequences, like a reduced newborn death level, reduced chance of communicable ailments and a surge in standard lifespan (6). According to the Ministry of Health, there were 2281 public primary health care centres across the country in 2014 (17).

Saudi Arabia has viewed modifications in health issues styles using a move far away from communicable conditions to persistent situations which is often increasingly frequent (6). These diseases place an increased burden on existing health care services (1,6,26–28). This change in disease pattern suggests that primary health care services, including patient follow-up strategies and preventive and health education activities, are insufficient. Recent data from the Saudi Health Information Survey show high rates of diabetes – 14.8% for males and 11.7% for females. Diabetes prevalence was 19.9%, almost double in those who were obese in comparison with non-obese (28). There is a real need to develop primary health care services directed to patients with chronic diseases and people who are most at high risk of these diseases.

Saudi Arabian folks have price-free of charge utilization of all quantities of public healthcare remedies easily accessible in the usa, which is guaranteed with the core authorities. The Ministry of Health expenditure per capita has increased substantially by 0.41% (17), which is equivalent to US$ 299 per capita (13–17,29–32). However, Saudi Arabia still spends less per capita on health than a number of industrialized nations (Figure 2) (33).

Ministry of Health planners and managers concentration primarily on hospitals as an alternative to major healthcare centres. According to one report, more than 90% of the Ministry of Health budget allocated for infrastructure and development projects was spent on hospitals (21). Low expenditure on primary health care centres has resulted in 80% of primary health care buildings being rented; as such they are not specifically designed to provide health care services and they lack the necessary structural features to provide primary care (21,34).

In accordance with authorities rules, your budget for your Ministry of Well being is launched after approval of the Ministry of Finance. This practice may influence the performance and efficiency of the Ministry of Health and delay its work in all sectors including the primary health care services.

A comparison of your main health care methods in Saudi Arabia and Cuba demonstrates that well being leaders and the government in Cuba discovered main medical since the building block of effective health care as well as a focus on the societal determinants of wellness. Cuba’s approach has contributed to making its primary health care among the best in the world (35). The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health should shift the focus of the health system from hospital-based health care services to the primary preventive and promotive health care services to deal effectively and efficiently with the increasing burden of chronic diseases.