Call/WhatsApp: +1 914 416 5343

Analyse and critically evaluate the problems in using the cross cultural approach to International

Analyse and critically evaluate the problems in using the cross cultural approach to International
Q1: MUST include the following Information.
* Main Issue in cross-cultural Research:
“ There are growing concerns about the extent to which theoretical models of HRM and specific
management practices are capable of being transferred from one country to another”
Sparrow & Pei-Chuan Wu(1998) Does National culture really matter, Employee Relations,v20 n1
* National culture is linked to HRM through 6 main mechanisms:
1. Attitudes & definitions of effective management
2. Communication, levels of power and decision making
3. Conceptions about career, promotion
4. Manager/subordinate relationship
5. Pay systems/individualisation of reward
6. Mindsets when considering organisational structuring
* Appraisal and culture
Performance may be interpreted or valued differently due to culturally shaped value and belief
Western organisations is performance whereas Asian firms emphasize employees personalities
and characteristics, individualist culture vs. collectivist.
Interpretation of what is good/bad right/wrong is likely to be perceived differently by those whose
culture is different from the appraised.
* Issues for appraisal:
Degree of participation.
Choice of measurement methods.
Degree of formality (collectivist cultures emphasise less formal approaches-Ramamoorthy & Carol
Respect for authority – Lindhol et al (1999) study of Chinese subsidiaries indicate problems with
the western practice of choice of appraisers i.e. superiors.
Belief about level of control of the environment…fatalistic beliefs in relation to worker control e.g..
Feedback process – significant in terms of losing/saving face.
Limited acknowledgement of possible cultural explanations for employee performance
Inherently subjective nature of appraisal.
References MUST used in Q1:
2- Terence Jackson.
3- Editor in chief Jean Woodall (2005): Theoretical frameworks for comparing HRD in an
international context.
4- Gary N. McLean & Laird McLean (2001): If we can’t define HRD in one country, how can
we define it in an international context?

Leave a Reply