Call/WhatsApp: +1 914 416 5343

Accounting Skills MBA / MSc Assignment – Abu Dhabi

Answer all the questions. Each question carries 15 marks


Question 1

  1. a) “Accounting is the systematic an comprehensive recording of financial transactions pertaining to a business, and it also refers to the process of summarizing, analyzing and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies and tax collection entities”.

Discuss the Significance of Accounting and also explain the Scope of Accounting.

  1. b) Prepare an Income statement and Balance sheet of Indus Corp as on 31st Dec, 2018.


Particulars  Amount ($ ‘000) 
Sales 37,436
Cash 4,895
Cost of Goods Sold 26,980
Accounts Payable 7,156
Accounts Receivable 5,714
Selling, General and Administrative Expense 3,624
Inventory 8,517
Research and Development Expense 1,982
Plant and Equipment 7,154
Interest expense 450
Long term Liability 20,105
Land 981
Income Tax expense 1,100

Question 2

  1. a) “Calculating the breakeven point is a key financial analysis tool used by business owners”
  2. Explicit the importance of breakeven analysis which is a critical step
  3. Advantages and limitations of breakeven analysis


  1. b) Robest Industries produces only one Product. The following revenues and cost have been estimated for the forthcoming month:


Selling price, $ 250 per unit (SP)

Variable cost, $ 100 per unit (VC)

Fixed Cost, $ 56,000

The Manager of the firm wishes to Know the following:

  1. Calculate contribution margin per unit
  2. Calculate contribution margin ratio.
  3. Calculate BEP in units
  4. Calculate BEP in sales.
  5. Calculate sales value in $ to earn profit of $50,000


Question 3

  1. a) Choose an Organization of your choice and underline the components  which are considered while preparing a budget in that company;  What are the major considerations business owners should make as they budget and forecast?


  1. b) PQR industries is in the Business of manufacturing agro equipment. Prepare the Cash Budget for the Quarter April to June, based upon the following data and additional information.
Month Sales  $  

Purchase $

Wages  $ Manufacturing Overheads $  Office Overheads $  Selling Overheads      $
January 60,000  


9,000 4,000 2,000 4,000
February 62,000  


8,000 3,000 1,500 5,000
March 64,000  


10,000 4,500 2,500 4,500
April 58,000  


8,500 3,500 2,000 3,500
May 56,000  


9,000 4,000 1,000 4,500
June 60,000  


8,000 3,000 1,500 4,500


Additional Information:


  1. The Cash balance at 1 April is $ 800,000.
  2. Sales: 40% cash sales & 60% collected in the following sales.
  3. Purchases are all on credit and paid after 2 months.
  4. A plot of land was purchased in April $ 87,000.
  5. Wages are paid two month in arrear and all overheads settled after a month they are incurred.
  6. PQR Industries is due to repay a loan of $ 16,000 in May.
  7. A dividend of $ 80,000 is expected to be received in May.


Question 4

  1. a) The Alpine Group, Inc. provides the following data for the June 2018, when 15,000 units are manufactured:

Standard Material Cost (Per Unit)             8.50 Kg @ $7.50 / Kg

Actual Material Cost (Per Unit)                6.75 Kg @ $13.5 / Kg

Standard Labour Cost (Per Unit)              5.5 hrs @ $15 / Hr

Actual Labour Cost (Per Unit)                 6.5 hrs @ $12.2 / Hr

  1. Calculate:

Direct Material Price Variance

Direct Material Quantity/Usage Variance

Total Material Cost Variance

Direct Labour Rate Variance

Direct labour Efficiency variance

Total Labour Cost Variance

  1. Calculate variable overhead spending variance if actual labor hours used are 260, standard variable overhead rate is $10.40 per direct labor hour and actual variable overhead rate is $9.30 per direct labor hour. Also specify whether the variance is favorable or unfavorable
  2. Calculate the variable overhead efficiency variance using the following figures:
Number of Units Produced 620
Standard Direct Labor Hours Per Unit 0.2
Actual Direct Labor Hours Used 260
Standard Variable Overhead Rate $10.40


  1. b) Variance analysis is especially effective when you review the amount of a variance on a trend line, so that sudden changes in the variance level from month to month are more readily apparent. Variance analysis also involves the investigation of these differences, so that the outcome is a statement of the difference from expectations, and an interpretation of why the variance occurred.

Define the term “Variances Analysis” and also highlight the Advantages and Disadvantages of Variances.


Question 5

Define the term Cost. Classification depends on the nature of the organization concerned. Discuss cost classification based on variability and controllability, highlight example for each.

Question 6

  1. “Too much inventory is expensive and wasteful. Not enough inventories can result in lost sales”- Elucidate.
  2. Inventory can be anything from boxes of ice cream cones in the storeroom at a sweet shop to a million-square-foot warehouse full of goods for a big box chain. But in either case, accurate inventory management is a key to that company’s success.

Simply put, inventory is the goods that a business owns that it plans to sell. If your company is an apparel retailer, products become inventory when you take possession of shirts, dresses, suits and accessories from your suppliers. Those products leave the stock when they’re sold to customers. Inventory can be stored on premises or at warehouses, distribution centers and other facilities.

Why inventory management is so crucial to a company’s success and How to Manage Inventory?




Formulae Sheet


  1. Contribution Margin per unit      =          Selling Price p.u – Variable Cost p.u


  1. Contribution Margin Ratio    =          Contribution p.u

Selling Price p.u


  1. BEP in Units      =                      Fixed Cost___________

Contribution margin p.u


  1. BEP in sales                                        =                     Fixed Cost__________

Contribution margin ratio


  1. Sales in $                                             =          Fixed cost + Desired Profit

Contribution Margin Ratio


  1. Direct Material Price Variance     =          (SP – AP) x AQ
  2. Actual Quantity                   =          Actual Quantity Produced x Actual Material p.u


  1. Direct Material Quantity / Usage Variance   =  (SQ – AQ) x SP


  1. Total Material Cost Variance              =          DMPV + DMQV


  1. Direct Labour Rate Variance              =          (SR – AR) x AH


  1. Actual Hours                           =          Actual Quantity Produced x Actual Labour Hrs p.u
  2. Direct Labour Efficiency Variance     =          (SH – AH) x SR
  3. Total Labour Cost Variance                =          DLRV + DLEV
  4. Variable Overhead Spending Variance =    Standard Variable Overhead Rate − Actual

Variable Overhead Rate =  Difference Per

Hour × Actual Labor Hours

  1. Direct Labor Efficiency Variance       =          Actual Units Produced × Standard Direct Labor

Hours Per Unit = Standard Direct Labor Hours


Standard Hours Allowed  − Actual Hours Used  = Difference × Standard Variable Overhead Rate



Leave a Reply