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Monthly Archives: June 2018

Case organization case analysis

1. State clearly the main problem or challenge(s) that management faces and other strategic issues
2. Do not recite what’s given in the case such as history
3. Show evidence of the management weaknesses from the case
4. Does management have a flawed strategy as compared to its market?
5. Is management too dependent on its founder(s), are there succession issues?
6. Is management reluctant to change, doesn’t embrace new and use new technology?
7. Strategic Analysis
8. Strategic tools:
1.five forces model,
2. strategic group map,
4. VRIN,
5.analyze the vision, mission, what are the core values, and value proposition, determine the generic strategy
6. determine the generic strategy of the company

1. other tools: SWOT, etc

III. Financial Analysis
1. financial statement analysis
2. ratio analysis
3. line graphs, pie charts, bar graphs,etc.
4. Recommendations

Religion, Politics and Conflict: Israel and Palestine Part II

Questions for lesson 6 readings.
1. In your opinion, what are the benefits and drawbacks of reading about Palestine in a graphic novel?
2. Discuss the effects of journalism on the Israel Palestine conflict based on Joe Sacco’s experiences in Palestine, the views and questions of the people he interviews, and the introduction by Edward Said and Joe Sacco.
3. The introductory chapter from Mahler and Mahler claims to “allow the reader to analyze the Arab—Israeli conflict through the words of those who have lived it” (Mahler & Mahler 2010, 3). Discuss to what extent you think this is or is not the case using examples to illustrate.
Questions for lesson 7 readings.
1. Do you think “theology” has an important role to play in peacebuilding? Why or why not? (Use examples from the readings to support your case).
2. Is interfaith dialogue important or peripheral to peace building? Why? (Use examples from the readings to support your case).
3. Has your view of Hamas and Islamic activism in Israel Palestine changed at all this week through the readings and discussions? How? (Use examples from the readings to illustrate what ideas have or have not changed).


This assignment is designed to:
a. increase your awareness of the nature and the extent of trade among countries
b. familiarize you with the various sources of data and the problems encountered in international economic research
c. give you an opportunity to contrast the theoretical analysis in the course with the real-world observations.

In groups of up to 3 students, you are to collect, report and interpret information about aspects and features of foreign trade and relevant domestic economic indicators of a country of your choice. Countries have to be approved by me and I will do that on a first-come first-serve basis. I recommend you choose a developing or an emerging country such as China, Russia, Brazil, India, Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Egypt, South Africa, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary for which you can tell some interesting stories. At least ten years of data analysis and explanation of any significant changes are expected. The following is a minimum list of topics that must be addressed:

1. Background Information. A brief introduction of the country including facts on geography, history, political system, resources, demography, industrial structure, broad economic indicators over the past 10 years, infrastructure, legal and bureaucratic environment, general economic, financial, political, and social stability as well as any other information that you find relevant. Also include the level of this country’s institutional development. You may report transparency, corruption, or institutional development indices provided by the World Bank (WDI) or other sources.

2. International Trade
a. The importance of international trade to this country. You may report the volume of international trade (exports + imports in goods and services) relative to its GDP, and its balance of trade or current account balance, and then analyze how and why they have changed over the time period of your study.
b. What are the country’s major trading partners and the volumes of trade realized with these partners? You may discuss the top three countries and the interaction(s) with your chosen country.
c. What constitutes the majority of international trade in this country? What are its major export and import commodities?
d. What trade restrictions are currently used? Why? You may report tariff rates, quotas, or other commercial policies on major export and import commodities. Explain the main trade and industrial/development policies. How protected is the country from foreign trade; also focus on specific sectors not only the whole economy. Is this country a WTO member? If so, how have its trade barriers changed since its accession to the WTO?
e. What are the most important trade agreements the country has successfully negotiated and those in current negotiations?
f. What are some trade disputes the country has been recently involved in?

3. International Finance
a. Discuss the main components of the balance of payments and recent trends in these components. Using this information analyze the country’s external position in terms of its long run sustainability.
b. Describe the country’s foreign direct investment flows (sources, volume, trends) and their significance and impact for the broad economy.
c. Describe the country’s monetary system. Information on the currency, the exchange rate regime, recent trends and underlying explanations of the recent trends. Has the country experienced currency crises in the past? Is it susceptible to currency crises?
d. What has been the relationship of the country with the IMF during the past twenty years?
e. How was the country affected by the financial crisis of 2008 and how did it respond? Did it receive any assistance from international creditors?

4. Conclusions. What are the short and medium-term challenges that the country is facing given the current events in the global economy? How this would this analysis inform the decision of a potential investor to invest in the country that you studied?

The report must be typed in 12-point Times New Roman font and be double-spaced with one-inch margins. It must be between seven and ten pages, not including additional tables, charts, and graphs.
You must use a variety of resources and cite them properly. You may use academic journals, popular magazines (The Economist, etc.), and/or reports from various institutions (the country’s central bank, the country’s Ministry of Commerce/Trade, the IMF, the World Bank etc.). You may use tables, graphs, or maps to present information. At the end of the report you must give a complete list of references including Internet Resources (URLs)

General comments:
Use the theoretical analysis developed in class as a guide in your research.

Additional information or topics may be included if it is relevant to the assignment (example: Any wars lately?). Your choice of where to include any additional information should be intelligently made . . . do not simply “stick on at the end.”

Your report should be clear, concise, and meaningful. Do not report trivial facts. Use tables, narrative explanations, graphs and/or maps to convey important information efficiently. The strict space limitation is imposed to purposely make you discriminate in how and what you report.

Your finished report should be a concise, clear, economic picture of the country. Content, accuracy, conciseness, relevance of information and overall appearance all play significant roles in the report’s evaluation.

This is a senior-level, college research project. When finished, you should have a project that you would proudly present as an indication of your attention to detail, ability to discriminate among competing information, and ability to write (and spell) like a professional. You may assume the reader is a college graduate.

In your case study, you are asked to explain the need of international cooperation in order to achieve better ecological protection in the world, especially when looking at GCC countries. How important are International Agreements and how big is the need of the signing states to implement these agreements in their systems for a better protection of environmental security in the world?

FONT: Times New Roman or Arial 12, spacing 2 – refer to APA writing style guidelines on a portal

FORMAT: You have to submit Word Document I do not accept assignments in pdf files.
Your case study should be between 5-7 pages long written in Times New Roman / Arial with spacing 2.

Your case study assignment should include:
1. Introduction: (1 page)
In this section, you will provide information related to the environmental security and security systems on global level. Further, you need to describe the importance of cooperation between countries to prevent problems of environmental security
5 PT

2. Explain the current situation of Environmental Security in GCC countries. (1 to 2 pages)

In this part, you will explain the development level of Environmental Security in GCC countries.
8 PT

10 The role and importance of international cooperation with the goal of improving Environmental Security in the world (with special regards to GCC countries)

Here, it’s necessary to point out the importance of International Agreements and duties to implement those into the national legislation with special regards to GCC countries.
7 PT
11 Conclusion (1 page)
5 PT

You should not use any information from Wikipedia, and/or list Wikipedia as a reference for your case study. Any use of Wikipedia in the assignment will result in 5 points deduction of your grade (out of 10).

Plagiarism is a serious academic offence. Academic plagiarism is the act, intentional or unintentional, of using other people’s words and ideas as your own. Any assignment that you submit should be the result of your own work. You should write your case study of your own, and not copy and paste information from articles and websites. All assignments are checked through the TurnitIn system for academic plagiarism.
Any act of plagiarism will result in receiving 0 points on the assignment.


Read the memorandum below. Dari Johnson is a Paralegal working for Alan Florscheim at the firm of Florscheim Feiger, LLP. Mr. Florscheim has asked Mr. Johnson, his paralegal, to analyze the facts presented and use his judgment skills to determine whether Florscheim Feiger should represent Ms. Cohen. Your assignment is to create a legal memo, as if you were Darin Johnson, that analyzes and considers whether the firm he works for should represent Ms. Cohen.
Do not rely on any authority (other than what is listed here) or on your own knowledge of the law. Use only the information presented in the memorandum. ***THIS ASSIGNMENT IS WORTH. 10% OF YOUR GRADE.***
TO: Daren Johnson Paralegal
FROM: Alan Florscheim, Esq.
DATE: June 4, 2018
SUBJECT: Potential Case

A potential client, Sasha Cohen, visited with me today regarding a possible lawsuit against the store Mini Dollar for false imprisonment, making a false police report and intentional infliction of emotional distress. She is seeking damages in the amount of $100,000. She has a good job with a reputable high security rocket manufacturer. She is a soft-spoken and articulate woman who wants to hire us on a contingency fee basis to represent her.
Here is the information I collected during our initial consultation: Ms. Cohen was shopping at Mini Dollar on December 15, 2011. She was browsing the sporting goods section for holiday gifts for her boyfriend. She did not find what she wanted, and decided to go to Galloway’s Fishing Bonanza instead. She exited the store, and before she could get to her car, she was grabbed by two armed security officers for Mini Dollar. They asked her to come back into Mini Dollar for questioning.
Ms. Cohen, being scared, agreed and went back into Mini Dollar for questioning. She was taken to the security office. She kept asking the security officers what she did wrong. They claimed they watched her on surveillance cameras pocket some plastic fishing worms. She denied the accusation. Security officers searched Ms. Cohen’s purse, but did not find any fishing worms. The two officers told her they would return in a minute after they had an opportunity to call the police.
Ms. Cohen was left in a small square office with a table and two chairs. The door was locked, there was no window, telephone, cell service, water, or bathroom. The door to the office was a solid metal door without a handle. After about 40 minutes of waiting, Ms. Cohen knocked lightly on the door hoping to get someone’s attention and find out what was taking so long, but no one responded. She waited another 30 minutes, and again knocked on the door. This time, after there was no response,Ms. Cohen knocked harder and longer. Then she started pounding on the door. After another 30 minutes, Ms. Cohen began crying and getting very upset. She eventually started kicking the door.

Finally, the security officers opened the door and entered the room. They were accompanied by a police officer. Ms. Cohen was placed in handcuffs and searched whereupon one package of fishing worms was found in her pocket. She was then paraded through the store before being placed into a police car parked
in front of the store. When Ms. Cohen received her opportunity to be heard by the judge at her initial plea hearing, she learned that she was being charged with shop lifting of merchandise over the amount of $500. She pled not guilty to the charge. She did admit to stealing the fishing worms, but the retail value was only
$5.99. Ms. Cohen is serving probation. Ms. Cohen has no prior criminal record and does not know why she decided to take the fake worms that day. The arrest and subsequent hearings ruined her holiday, caused
her to miss several days of work, be written up at work for insubordination, and put her deeply in debt
because of bail and legal fees.

Below are the statutes and case law that potentially apply to this case. They include: false imprisonment, making a false police report, intentional infliction of emotional distress and shopkeeper’s privilege. Using the information provided by Ms. Cohen, the statutes and the case law I have provided, please let me know your analysis, and whether any of these causes of action for Ms. Cohen are viable.

(these statutes and some case law are altered or made up for the purposes of this assignment only)
Civil Remedies Code §45.001 – False Imprisonment. Persons can seek recovery of damages, including lost wages, medical expenses, mental anguish and punitive damages from another person or corporation for the following acts:
1. Willful and malicious detention;
2. Without consent of the party being held; and
3. Without authority of the law.
See Sears, Roebuck & Co. v. Castillo, 693 S.W.2d 374, 375 (Tex. 1985), the essential elements of false imprisonment are: (1) willful detention (2) without consent and (3) without authority of law.
See Wal-Mart Stores v. Odem, 929 S.W.2d 513, 519 (Tex. App.–San Antonio 1996, writ denied), “[L]egal authority or legal justification is met either by the procurement of an arrest warrant or by the showing of existence of probable cause.”
Civil Remedies Code §58.010 – Making a False Police Report. Persons and corporations can seek recovery of damages, including lost wages, medical expenses, mental anguish, attorney’s fees, court costs and interest, and punitive damages from another person for the making of a false police report. You must prove the following elements:
1. The false police report was actually filed; and
2. The act of making the police report was willful and malicious
Civil Remedies Code §10.002 – Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress. Persons can seek recovery of damages, including lost wages, medical expenses, mental anguish, attorney’s fees, and punitive damages from another person or corporation for the intentional infliction of emotional distress on a person. You must prove the following elements:
1. The act was intentional and reckless;
2. The defendant’s conduct was extreme and outrageous;
3. The actions of the defendant caused plaintiff emotional distress; and
4. The emotional distress the plaintiff suffered was severe.

See Zillwigger v. Armond Von Buren, 940 S. Ct. 1112, 1115 (2005), where another intentional tort is brought, the claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress should not be available since any other intentional tort allows for the recovery of mental anguish and punitive damages.
HINT: False Imprisonment and Making a False Police Report are intentional torts.
HOWEVER, the case of Cervantez v. J.C. Penney Co., 595 P.2d 975, 982 & n.5 (Cal. 1979) discusses the “shopkeeper’s privilege.” The case specifically discusses the liability of a shopkeeper for wrongful detention and arrest. The actual privilege is a common law privilege extended to a shopkeeper allowing the shopkeeper to detain on the store’s property a person believed to have stolen or attempted to steel merchandise. The detention should be for the purposes of investigation. In order for the shopkeeper to avail himself of the privilege, the person detaining a suspect for the shopkeeper (i.e. a security guard) must ensure that:
1. The investigation is conducted near or on the premises; the detention itself should be affected either on the store premises or in the immediate vicinity thereof.
2. The shopkeeper has reasonable grounds to suspect the particular person detained engaged in shoplifting.
3. Only reasonable, non-deadly force is used to affect the detention. Such force being justified when the suspect is in immediate flight or violently resists detention.
4. The detention lasts only for a short period of time necessary to make a reasonable investigation of the facts.
In cases where a shopkeeper fails to satisfy the aforementioned requisite conditions, she loses the privilege and may be held liable.New Report on Cyber security

Locate “ENG-456 News Story Articles” from the Course Materials

Write an 800-1,000-word news article.
Imagine you have just been hired as a journalist to cover the science beat for your employer. Your first assignment is to write a short news story on new, peer-reviewed scientific research.
Report the recent research on one of the following topics:
1. Delinquency Causation
2. Cybersecurity
3. Organic Food Production
4. Climate Change
Locate “ENG-456 News Story Articles” from the Course Materials.
Choose one of the scientific research articles indicated in “ENG-456 News Story Articles.”
Study the article and develop a news story angle based on some aspect of the article. The angle you choose should be something that makes the science approachable by a lay audience. You may have to write through a few story angle ideas before settling on one that has the most merit and appeal.
Convert the difficult scientific language into “scenic” writing, expressing it clearly and concisely for a popular audience.
Include content that your editor and your audience might typically expect from this type of news story, such as narrative techniques to tell the story.
Write in a style that your editor and audience might expect of a news story.
Assume that your story will appear on the Internet and not in print.
Use typical organizational or transitional practices that one finds in news stories (such as opening the article with something the audience might already know about, and then using that to introduce the research on which you are reporting)
Interview an expert in the field of your story and incorporate highlights or quotes from the expert into your story. (Note: You need to get permission and record the interview so that you can listen to exactly what the expert says many times.
You will also use the audio recording in the Radio News Story due in Topic 6).
Include both an appropriate visual that reflects the angle of the story to engage the reader and an appropriate caption that connects the visual to the story.

If you can please include the audio recording as an additional attachment when completed.

Great moderation Microeconomics

1. What is the “Great Moderation” macroeconomists refer to? Does the “Great Moderation” appear to be over? Quote some prominent economist on this issue.

2. What does Tyler Cowen mean by “The Great Stagnation”? Give citations as necessary.

3. “Secular Stagnation” is the hot new macroeconomic buzzword, and it differs from Cowen’s concept of stagnation. The idea of “Secular Stagnation” originated in a speech given by Lawrence Summers in February 2014, reproduced here:

Each person in the group should read this article.

a) What does Summers believe about Savings and Investment today?

b) What are the consequences of this for the equilibrium real interest rate?

c) What reasons does Summers give for this situation to have arisen? Explain each one as best you can. (I don’t understand his point about taxes; maybe you can explain it to me!)

d) How does a low equilibrium interest rate lead to financial instability?

e) What does Summers mean by the term “hysteresis”?

f) If you could explain the term “secular stagnation” in one sentence, how would you?

g) What three things does Summers recommend that policy makers do going forward?

Kantianism and Utilitarianism theories

1. Pick a moral theory we’ve encountered (Kantianism, utilitarianism, etc.). Explain the view, and why someone might find it attractive. Present an argument against view. Consider how a defender of that view would object to your argument, and explain why you find that objection unconvincing.
2. Pick a moral theory we’ve encountered (Kantianism, utilitarianism, etc.). Explain the theory and one alleged problem for that theory. Present a solution to that problem on behalf of the theory you picked. Consider how someone who found the problem compelling would object to your solution, and explain why you find that objection unconvincing.

post-crisis human factors

Let’s get less techy and more human! The topic is "Post-Crisis Human Factors." After reviewing the Toigo Chapter 7, consult again Table 7-2. In this Board, you are asked to amplify any one of the eight activities by providing some "how to" advice regarding the activity and how the BCO may be involved in accomplishing the tasks involved. You would be addressing, of course, your own organization in this case. Your amplification may be a procedural memo, a flow chart, mind map–whatever form that you thought would be appropriate. AND, please respond to at least two others in this instance so we can get the best results. See if you can identify one relevant and current citation that amplifies a specific related concept.

What are some of the consequences of negative attitudes towards stigmatized group members

A paragraph or two addressing points (1) and (2) worth 2.5 points. This can be accomplished by making sure that your few paragraphs answer each of the following questions.

What are some of the consequences of negative attitudes towards stigmatized group members (e.g., Blacks)? (1 pt.)
What are the motivating research questions (or hypotheses)? (0.5 pt.)
Identify the conceptual independent and dependent variables for Study 1 and Study 2. (1 pt.)
A paragraph or two addressing points (3) and (4) worth 2.5 points.

Who were the experimental participants in each study? (0.5 pt.)
Describe the operationalization of the independent and dependent variables. Stated differently, how did the researchers manipulate the independent variable? How did they measure the dependent variables? Make sure to include a description of each variable that they are measuring. (2 pts.).
A paragraph or two addressing point (5) worth 2.5 points. This may be one of the harder sections of your summary, as we have not discussed statistical analyses nor have you seen a results section yet. However, you should be able to make sense of the results section if you keep the research questions and methods in mind and answer the following questions.

Given the design of the study (the way in which the independent and dependent variables were operationalized), what would you expect to find given the review presented in the introduction (i.e., which group would you predict to score higher on the dependent variables in Study 1 and Study 2)? (0.5 pt.)
What did the authors find? Or, what did the dependent variables look like across the different groups? (1 pt.)
Were the findings consistent with what you would expect based on the information that was presented in the introduction? (1 pt.)
A paragraph or two addressing point (6) worth 2.5 points. Some questions you may want to think about as you give your impressions about the research:

Do you think the independent and/or dependent variables could have been operationalized in a better way,
if the independent and dependent variables were operationalized differently do you think you would get the same results,
would different groups of experimental participants have responded similarly or would you only expect these results in the particular context studied (Black/White job interviewers and interviewees),
are there any possible confounds in the research that might have produced the results (rather than the independent variable),
did the hypotheses seem logical,
might other hypotheses seem like more viable explanations for what is going on,
do you think you would find similar results in different contexts (i.e., are the results generalizable).

review and explain the logic that motivated the research

identify the independent and dependent variables,
briefly describe the methods used in the studies,
identify the measurement and experimental operational definitions (i.e., identify how the researchers operationalized the independent and dependent variable),
describe the results and conclusions, and
give your opinion about the research (e.g., criticisms or questions about the research question, experimental design, etc., or ideas about other interesting research questions not addressed in the article).
You should write:
Research in Psychology

Virtual Exhibition and Curatorial Essay

1. In this Curatorial Essay you will pull together or ‘curate’ an exhibition of eight to ten (8-10) works of art by one (1) Canadian artist from the list below. These artists’ works of art can be found in the CCCA database (Canadian Centre For Contemporary Art) at:

Please look at ALL these artists before choosing which one you will curate.

Kim Adams

Ian Baxter

Ron Benner

Marlene Creates

Andy Fabo

Max Streicher

Joyce Wieland

David Thauberger

Geoffrey James

Jin-Me Yoon

Paul Wong

Pudlo Pudlat

For instructions on how to use the CCCA website to search, click on “How to Use CCCA” available under “Resources for Assignments” on the course homepage.

2. As one might find if one visited a real life gallery, art exhibitions are usually accompanied by an exhibition catalogue that discusses at length the work in it. For your virtual exhibition, you must choose eight to ten (8-10) images by one artist. THIS IS NOT TO BE A CHRONOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE ARTIST’S WORK nor is it to be a biography. Instead, ALL IMAGES SHOULD BE THEMATICALLY RELATED. (However, they need not be visually related.) Your job is to ‘tie them together’ with your curatorial essay by fnding an ‘umbrella’ theme that allows you to discuss all the works. Discuss the theme; discuss how the works ft into or are examples of the theme.

After selecting the work to include in your virtual exhibition, you – the curator – will then write a catalogue essay the purpose of which is to unfold the work in terms of the artist’s intentions and ideas based on the research you have done abut the artist and her/his work.

*The essay MUST be 2000 words.This does not include the REQUIRED bibliography and footnotes. You MUST include a bibliography of sources you consult for your essay.

*Please use Chicago Style formatting for this essay, as outlined in Sayre’s, ‘How to Write About Art’.

• You must insert images and image hyperlinks to all the images you discuss within the body of the text. Usually, any single image should be inserted only once per essay when you first mention that work of art. You can refer numerous times to that image, but need only hyperlink to it when referring to it again.


A good place to begin this assignment is from a position of appreciation of the artist’s work. That is, it is important to choose an artist from the list above whose work you somehow respond to or are curious about, for whatever reason. That is, while you must respond to the images, you must more importantly respond to the artist’s ideas as well. It is those ideas you are to write about. You must always remember that the images the artist has created throughout his/her career are ‘evidence’ of the ideas and issues the artist is interested in.

Your role here is as curator: you are selecting and choosing from among numerous works of art. The imaginary exhibition you create will not be a chronological career ‘survey’ of an artist’s whole body of work, nor will it include a biography of the artist, nor an analysis of the work in formal aesthetic terms. Instead your essay will look at the artist’s work thematically through one of the topics discussed in Lesson 3 and/ or in Sayre Chpts. 21-27:

The Problem of Representation; Mass Media; Consumer Culture; Class, Power and Politics; Place; Postmodernism; Spirituality; Life, Death and the Body; Gender and/or Sexuality; Sex and Desire; Language; Identity/Subjectivity; Ethnicity; Cultural and Personal History; History and/or Time; Science and Technology; the Environment; Art as Social Practice

Please note that ‘beauty’ is not included as a theme in this list. Beauty is, rather, a condition.Please stick to the above list of themes.

Of particular importance are the kinds of questions found in the ‘Take A Closer Look’ assignment: they will help you think about what the artist is trying to say and what the work means. Remember however, that this assignment is NOT in any way a repetition of the ‘Take a Closer Look’ Assignment.

The catalogue essay will address and analyze the artist’s work in terms of its issues and themes, all the while understanding that the artist’s work embodies his or some thematic lens through which to view the particular artist’s work, but also which are the most appropriate images to choose in order to discuss that theme. You will refer to the images you have chosen in order to ‘make your points’ about the ideas you discuss.


You cannot rely solely on the textbook and the online lessons to fulfl this assignment. There already exists a body of analytical, interpretive and critical writing on all of the artists named in the list above. It is REQUIRED that the student will do appropriate external research around their subject, referring to books, essays, articles, criticism, previous exhibition catalogues on the artist and even by the artist. You must quote from these in the body of your essay to reinforce your argument or ideas about the artist an his/her themes. This does not mean that your essay is only quotations. The majority of words are your own; the quotes are simply to reinforce your overview. You must include a bibliography of all the external works you researched at the end of the essay.

How to write art essays in general is outlined in the Sayre ‘How to Write About Art’ textbook. What you need to be clear on is that this assignment is not to be your personal interpretation of the works of art but an analysis or overview of the body of work you have chosen as seen and interpreted through the eyes of the artist and critics.

All reference material MUST be academic in nature or voice: high school level encylopedias, etc. are not acceptable reference materials nor are articles found on the internet written by non-art amateurs rather than by serious curators, serious critics, serious art commentators or recognized art galleries. Try to avoid Wikipedia references, although that site is a good way get an initial grasp on topics on which you then will do further, more in depth, research. At the end of each Wiki article is in fact a list of references that might be valuable to you. Sayre discusses which sources to use and how to use them, so reading his “How To Write About Art” before you begin will be helpful here. You MUST have at least THREE legitimate external references not including the text or the online lessons (which, by the way, you should never quote or use as a reference).

As well, the Sayre text for this course, ‘A World of Art’, includes a section titled “The Creative Process” in each chapter. These excellent essays should function as THE MODEL for writing the catalogue essay component of this assignment. It is advised that students also go online and research exhibition catalogues from various art museums as these can provide another model for how to put an exhibition together and how to write about the work in it. You might even visit a library or gallery to examine actual exhibition catalogues.

When discussing a particular work of art in the essay, it is important that you include an example of it directly in the body of the essay. This can be done by copying and pasting an image of it from CCCA when you frst mention or discuss it. After this, create a hyperlink to the CCCA image of the work when mentioning it again. How to use CCCA is one of the links included on the course mainpage.

**A Library Support page has been set up to assist you in looking for online library books, articles and resources, and a recorded Library Orientation with a Librarian is also available to familiarize you with the library resources. Check the course homepage for more details.


THIS ASSIGNMENT IS OPEN FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE COURSE UNTIL ITS DUE DATE. I suggest you begin work on this at the very beginning of this course as I take this major assignment seriously and suggest you do as well.


**Please give your essay a title page that includes title, author and date of writing. For example:

Leonardo da Vinci: Science and Aesthetics Joe Student

ID# 123456789

December 4, 2013



1. QUESTION: Can I use images other than those found at CCCA?

ANSWER: NO. The images available for you to reproduce can be found only at CCCA. This is a copyright issue as we cannot legally use someone’s image without permission. When putting this course together four years ago we sought and received permission from CCCA to use whatever image we wanted as long as they were for this project exclusively and would not be used in any other way.

You cannot use other images found on the net without written permission – with the exception of CCCA, and that, only in the context of this course.

Again, this is a copyright issue. The exception to this (and it is still a ‘grey’ area) is the use of images found on Wikicommons.

Here is how to use the images on the artist’s individual mainpage at CCCA: go ‘Timeline Image View.’ Click on the image to enlarge it and then copy and paste it into the body of your essay where you want it to be placed.

Where to paste it? Insert the image into the body of the essay only where you FIRST discuss it. This is the way I do it in the online lessons and how it is done in academic writing generally. Include immediately below the image (in what is known as the ‘cutline’) the important information

about the image. The acceptable order for this information is: artist name, title of work (in Italics), year, materials used, country created in. So, fnd that image on the net and hyperlink to this external image in the body of your essay. Include all the same relevant data regarding the image.

2. QUESTION: Where do I put my images?

ANSWER: Insert the image into the body of the essay only where you FIRST discuss it. This is the way I do it in the online lessons and how it is done in academic writing generally. Henceforth, only include hyperlinks when referring to an image already pasted into the body of your essay.

3. QUESTION:What else do I include?

ANSWER: A.) Create a single space below the cutline and in brackets insert a hyperlink to the image – in case something goes wrong and the

image is not visible to me or does not hold its place.

B) Include footnotes and a Bibliography.

4. QUESTION: What examples of curatorial essays are available so that I know what to do?


A) The structure of the essay should, as I have indicated in the instructions for this assignment found at the bottom of the homepage, follow the examples set by Sayre in the textbook under ‘The Critical Process’ and “The Creative Process.’
B) You will note in these that most of the questions I asked you in the Take A Closer Look project are addressed in these. In a sense then, this essay is an expanded version of the Take A Closer Look but does not focus on a single image. It is a broader and more extensive look and should be deeper, more well thought out and considered, and one supported by thorough research into the subject. As the major assignment for this course, it is expected to refect the amount of work you should expect to put into this kind of assignment.

C) ALTHOUGH NOT CONFORMING TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS ASSIGNMENT (too short, no images included, no bibliograohy, etc.),


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5. QUESTION: What should I NOT do?


A) This essay is not a biography, so do not write one and insert images will-nilly. Use the bio- data only if it is important (for example, in the text on pages 54-55 we see Gomez-Pena and Coco Fusco’s ethnic background dealt with as this has everything to do with their work).
B) I am not sure a simply going through the artist’s work chronologically is satisfactory either. This essay is to address the artist’s work thematically as is stated in the instructions. I outline many themes there and it is up to you to decide which thematic the artist’s work falls into. The essays in the textbook deploy an extensive thematic overview of the artist’s body of work and use the images, no matter when the artist created them, as references to the statements the writer is making. That is, like quotes from the writer Margaret Atwood in an essay you might write in English 100 about the themes in her work, the images you chose here are to be understood as examples or evidence from her body of artworks that verify what you are saying about it. We can assume the same themes are running through both her literary works and her artworks. (I am not aware of Atwood making any art, but use the idea of her artworks to make the point…)

C.) Do not reproduce your images again in the essay more than that original first instance. You can discuss it and use the title but there is no need to reproduce again.
D.) Do not reproduce your images again in the bibliography but do include all hyperlink information.


ANSWER: Your job is to tie the images you have chosen together into one thematic package. In this regard, you can use quotes from the artist, from critics, from curators, from the artist, help you express the themes. These experts have much to say often that will help you think about the artist’s work. You must quote and thus you must identify the words of others as quotes and cite them appropriately. See Sayre on how to cite.

7. QUESTION: Should I describe the work of art.

ANSWER: This is not necessary as you have inserted the image. However, you can use description to assist you in your discussion of a particular work but only if it is necessary to your discussion of it. Sayre does this when writing about the work of Gomez-Pena and Coco Fusco. But be careful: if your essay is only descriptive and you avoid addressing the thematics in the work, your grade will suffer. That is, do not rely on description to ‘pad’ your essay. Only describe if it helps our understanding of the meaning of the work.

For example, one can hardly discuss Michelangelo’s DAVID without mentioning that he is larger than life size (scale) and seems to be standing with all his weight on one leg, his other hip thrust outward. This suggests he is almost resting, or thinking as he gathers his mental and physical strength, before springing into his attack of the giant Goliath.

As well, sometimes it is necessary to briefy discuss the formal elements of art and the principles of design operating in a particular work of art as a way of analyzing its themes. As an additional example, you can barely discuss the themes of Van Gogh without discussing how he uses texture and colour or Degas without discussing balance and how he divides the picture planes. However, do not rely on this approach if the elements and principles have little to do with revealing the themes of the work.

Moreover, as much as this essay is not a biography or a chronology, do not think of this essay as a formal analysis. You will not receive more than basic marks if any of these comprise the majority of your essay.

8. QUESTION: How should Iwrite about art?

ANSWER: First of all, read the required Sayre’s small book on how to write about art.

Secondly, try to find some pleasure in the writing; do not look at this assignment as a struggle or task but an journey into the work and mind of an artist.

Try not to use flowery language. Do not use colloquialisms or cliches or even art cliches in your writing. Instead, use academic language. That is, write in the manner of the textbook,using appropriate art vocabulary. In this regard, this essay is to be understood as a formal essay, not a tweet. Use formal grammar.

Do not use words you are unsure of as this might confuse you. Use the vocabulary you have learned throughout this course though. That vocabulary is grounded in visual art, although it crosses many conceptual boundaries from the formal to the social.

Please do not leave this assignment until the last moment. Write and then re-write, and re- write again. Remember this is academic work: seek accuracy in terms of what the artist’s work is about and clarity in the way you discuss it